Alexander Issachenko (linguist)

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Alexander Issatschenko (also Isačenko , originally Russian Александр Васильевич Исаченко / Alexander Vasilyevich Issatschenko * December 21, 1910 . Jul / 3. January  1911 greg. In St. Petersburg ; † 19th March 1978 in Klagenfurt ) was an Austrian linguist Russian descent.

Isachenko was the son of a lawyer who emigrated to Austria after the October Revolution. After graduating from high school, he studied Slavic studies with Nikolai Sergejewitsch Trubetzkoy (whose eldest daughter Jelena he later married) in Vienna . After graduating in 1933, he taught in Vienna from 1935 to 1938 and in Ljubljana from 1939 to 1941, where he completed his habilitation in 1939 with a thesis on the Slovenian dialects of Carinthia. From 1941 he lived and worked in Bratislava, first as a professor of Russian at the local commercial college, from 1945 at the Comenius University in Bratislava, there as a professor of Slavic studies. From 1955 to 1960 he was professor of Slavic Studies at the University of Olomouc , from 1960 to 1965 head of the department for structural grammar at the German Academy of Sciences in East Berlin . From 1965 to 1968 he headed the linguistic department of the Institute for Languages ​​and Literatures of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences in Prague . In August 1968 he decided not to return to Czechoslovakia from a stay in Austria and was then professor at UCLA from 1968 to 1971 . From 1971 until his death he taught as full professor for general linguistics in Klagenfurt and lived for the last few years in Klagenfurt and Dobrova (Jauntal, Carinthia).

From 1964 to 1969 he was a corresponding member of the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin .


  • Narečje vasi Sele na Rožu. Ljubljana 1939. (print version of the dissertation)
  • The Russian language of the present. Halle 1962. (many more editions)
  • Slovak-German dictionary. Leipzig 1964.
  • Myths and facts about the genesis of the Russian literary language. Vienna 1975.
  • History of the Russian language. Vol. 1, 2. Heidelberg 1980, 1983.
  • A childhood between St. Petersburg and Klagenfurt. Snapshots. Klagenfurt / Celovec - Ljubljana / Laibach - Vienna / Dunaj 2003.

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