General political theory

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In contrast to constitutional law , general state theory treats issues independently of a specific state , e.g. B. Questions about the constitutional ( internal ) and international law ( external ) definition of the state ( three-element theory ), the sovereignty of states, the legitimacy of rule , the reasons for it, the type ( staff association / regional authority ), the structure ( centralism or federalism ) and the fall of states, forms of government , citizenship , the separation of church and state, etc. v. m.

“The doctrine of the state has the task of researching the peculiar reality of state life that surrounds us. It wants to understand the state in its current structure and function, its historical existence and its development tendencies. "

- Hermann Heller : Staatslehre , p. 12

Today, the theoretical theory of the state occurs mostly under the more modern name of state theory , the applied part is mainly the comparative constitutional law . The legal - political branch of the State customer is the special theory of the state , which deals with the peculiarities of each state then and now.

See also




  • Karl Loewenstein : Max Weber's contribution to the theory of the state in the view of our time. In: Max Weber. Commemorative writing of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich on the 100th anniversary of his birthday in 1964.
  • Stefan Breuer : Georg Jellinek and Max Weber: From the social to the sociological state theory. 1999, ISBN 3-7890-6107-7 .
  • Karl Doehring : Allgemeine Staatslehre: a systematic representation. 3rd, revised edition, CF Müller / Hüthig Jehle Rehm, Heidelberg 2004, ISBN 3-8114-9008-7 ( online ).
  • Hans Herbert von Arnim : State doctrine of the Federal Republic of Germany , Munich 1984.
  • Reinhold Zippelius: History of the state ideas. 10th edition, Munich 2003, ISBN 3-406-49494-3 .