Old Penzlin Castle
Old Penzlin Castle
|Creation time :||around 1220|
|Castle type :||Location|
|Conservation status:||Preserved essential parts|
|Standing position :||Free nobles|
|Geographical location||53 ° 30 '25 " N , 13 ° 5' 20" E|
The Alte Burg Penzlin is located in the town of Penzlin , southwest of Neubrandenburg in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania .
Around 1220 the German settlement of the area around today's Penzlin took place and probably the construction of the castle , which subsequently became the second residence of the Princes Werle . From 1501 the castle was the ancestral seat of the von Maltzahn family . The installation of the witch cellar began in 1560. As a result of the Thirty Years War , the castle gradually fell into disrepair and had been uninhabitable since the 18th century. The Lords of Maltzan therefore built a new residence above the Old Castle in 1810, the New Castle . In 1941 the old castle was sold by the barons von Massenbach to the city of Penzlin, who used the castle for residential purposes and as a museum (about the witch hunt in Mecklenburg). From 1990 the old castle Penzlin was extensively renovated. It can be visited without a guide; the interiors and the witch's cellar only in connection with a museum visit.
The castle museum
The interior of the museum is dedicated to the topics of everyday magic with a Mecklenburg focus as well as witch hunts of the early modern period. In addition, the courtyard has a herb garden with plants that are said to have magical power.
In the cellar is the only early modern "witch" dungeon in Europe, which exactly met the rules of the "witch hammer " and has largely been preserved in this condition to this day. In addition, there is a bat colony with animals of different species, which remain hidden in the dark, but are welcome guests due to species protection.
Furthermore, various exhibits on the subjects of magic and witch hunt can be seen in the castle. The witch trial conducted in Penzlin around Benigna Schultzen has gained supraregional importance as it is one of the longest in the witch hunt. Her inquisition and revision process spanned 12 years from 1699 to 1711.
Various activities are offered for school classes and holiday groups, which can be found on the museum's website.
- Dieter Nolden: History and secrets of Maltzan Castle or The neverending story of a knight's castle . Rundum-Verlag, Schwerin 1991, ISBN 3-928866-00-1 .
- Literature about Alte Burg Penzlin in the state bibliography MV
- Site of the castle
- Reconstruction drawing by Wolfgang Braun
- ↑ Advantic Systemhaus GmbH: Old Castle Penzlin / The Museum as extracurricular place of learning. In: alte-burg.amt-penzliner-land.de. Retrieved April 21, 2016 .