Based on (equestrian sport)

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Training scale of the FN


Alignment is a term used in equestrian sport . It is understood to be the connection between the rider's / driver's hand and the horse's mouth (bit) with the reins , correctly resulting from the permeability of the horse's back and the lowering of the hindquarters .

The term is misleading in that the horse is not supposed to lean or lean on the hand. Rather, a springy, soft, even connection should be created and the horse should chew on the bit with satisfaction. The support is the basis to be able to ride further lessons correctly. Relation is the third point on the FN training scale .

Features of correct leaning

The soft connection between the rider's hand and the horse's mouth is the result of the slackness . It exists when the let loose horse seeks the support of the bit and thus approaches the rider's hand: "The horse seeks support, the rider allows it." This gives the rider the opportunity to change the gait , speed, posture, direction of movement, etc. to determine and regulate. Until at least 1976, the guidelines for riding and driving of the FN for riding in dressage tests said: You must always look for a slight reference forward with confidence .

Harnessing (the horse “stands on the reins” → increased neck curvature and curvature of the poll) is the further developed level of the following as a consequence and accompanying phenomenon of proper dressage work. It depends on the age, level of training and building of the horse, as well as the gait, the pace (frame extension) and the degree of the assembly . In classical riding it is required that the forehead line of the horse is just before the vertical and that the poll is the highest point.

The right contact gives the horse the necessary security to find its natural balance again under the rider and to balance itself in time with the different gaits.

Error in the relationship

The reasons for a faulty connection can be health problems of the horse or an insufficient level of training of the rider / driver or horse.

Behind the vertical

  • The highest point is in the first third of the neck, the forehead-nose line is behind the vertical. Is caused by excessive hand influence.
  • Corrective approach: Hand approach in connection with driving aids

Behind the reins

  • The forehead-nose line is behind the vertical, the horse evades the rein aids to the rear and does not accept them. Is caused by a hard, restless or constantly high hand or by a lack of constant connection.
  • Corrective approach: Restoring the connection between the rider's hand and the horse's mouth (soft, elastic and deeply guiding hand), lunging, increased riding towards the rider's hand

Wrong kink

  • The highest point of the horse's neck is between the third and fourth cervical vertebrae. Arises from forcing the support with backward-looking hands; occurs especially in horses with a low neck (disposition).
  • Corrective approach: elastic connection to the horse's mouth (gain the horse's trust in the rider's hand), energetic drive, frequent “letting the reins chew out of the hand”.

On the reins

  • Horse leans on the bit and does not move sufficiently from the hindquarters to the bit.
  • Corrective approach: Appropriate acceptance and giving in, riding transitions, activation of the hindquarters through increased driving (→ driving aids must predominate).

Against / over the reins

  • The forehead-nose line is clearly in front of the vertical, the horse presses the lower neck muscles against the hand with the back pushed away and held.
  • Corrective approach: lunging from shorter to longer reins, frequent reins-chewing-out-of-your-hand, sideways reins to show the horse the "way down".

Web links

The reference in the training scale

Individual evidence

  1. Waldemar Seunig: From the paddock to the caper. The training of the riding horse . With an afterword by Bertold Schirg. 2. Reprint of the edition Berlin 1943, Hildesheim etc. 2001 ( Documenta Hippologica ), ISBN 3-487-08348-5