Training scale

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Training scale of the FN


Training scale or training scale refers to an overview of important points in riding that must be observed when training the horse . The training scale is determined by the German Equestrian Association (FN) in Volume 1 of the book Guidelines for Riding and Driving .

Points on the training scale

The overriding goal of the training scale and thus the training is a permeable horse, i.e. a horse that has been trained physically and psychologically to be a pleasant, obedient and diverse riding horse. Training is not training or training, but systematic gymnastics. A horse is permeable if it accepts the rider's help informally and obediently.

The basis of the scale is informality - physical and psychological relaxation - which must be maintained in every level of training in order to maintain the horse's full motivation and productivity. A loss of informality usually also results in a loss of rhythm, always a loss of serenity.

The scale is not so much a clearly delimited chronological sequence, but rather an interlocking of the training steps. There is considerable discussion about the order of the individual steps. So the Iberian riding school develops the momentum from the assembly (for the logical derivation see e.g. Peter Spohr : The logic in the art of riding), while z. B. Reiner Klimke and others see slackness as fundamental to the beat.

In the revised version of the Guidelines for Riding and Driving, Volume 1 in 2012, the training scale was expanded to include the point balance .

History of the training scale

The scale of the training developed from the Army Service Ordinance (HDV) valid for the cavalry 1912 in the edition of 1937. The goals and principles of dressage are named there, coupled with a detailed training plan, the z. B. provided for eight weeks of riding without reins. In the HDV, the training levels were defined as follows:

  • Getting used to the rider's weight
  • Tact, serenity
  • Development of thrust and gait. Reliance
  • Straightening
  • Permeability, pickling
  • Development of load capacity. Assembly
  • Origin of the erection
  • Usage posture (it forms the rule)
  • Dressage posture (may only be required for a short time)

The forerunner of today's scale of training can be found in Siegfried von Haugk : "The training of recruits in riding" (Mittler and Son, 1940). Haugk defines the order, here named goals of dressage , in the appendix for riding instructors p. 104ff. according to today's training scale.

Without considering the training plan of HDV 12/37, in particular the taboos contained therein, the scale of training can be interpreted relatively broadly. The same is therefore used, often without justification, as a justification for individual dressage variations of the training course provided in the HDV. Correctly, it is not possible to ride in the system of absolute rigging on the reins of HDV 12/12, but then to justify this form of riding with the scale of training taken from HDV 12/37 ("goals of dressage").

The term “scale of training” was not coined until the 1950s.

Western riding

The EWU (Erste Westernreiter Union Deutschland e.V.) has developed and published a similar training scale for German western riding .

  • Tact
  • Serenity
  • indulgence
  • Activation of the hindquarters
  • Straightening
  • Absolute permeability

The partial differences to the classic scale are still controversial.


  • The training of the rider in the rural riding and driving clubs , Fritz Lauffer. 1st edition. Renovamen-Verlag, 2016, ISBN 978-3956211171 .
  • Guidelines for Riding and Driving, Vol. 1. 18th edition. FN-Verlag, 2005, ISBN 978-3885422624 .
  • The riding badge of the German Equestrian Association. 5th edition. FN-Verlag, 2006, ISBN 3-88542-324-3 .
  • The scale of the training , Schöffmann Britta. 2nd updated edition. Kosmos-Verlag, 2006, ISBN 978-3-440-10785-0 .
  • Reitvorschrift (RV) of August 18, 1937, H.Dv.12 , special edition horse exchange, Scholten Verlag
  • Training the recruits in riding , Siegfried von Haugk, Mittler and Son, 1940

Individual evidence

  1. Basic training of rider and horse - novelties ( Memento of the original from December 5, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /