Permeability (riding)

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Training scale of the FN


The permeability of the horse is the goal of the entire training and presupposes the various levels of the training scale, although these do not build on one another in a strictly linear manner. The “crown of training” in classical riding is the “permeable obedience in the assembly”, which is achieved through self-holding, momentum, “tact, serenity, pure expansive gait, lengthways bend and straightness”.


Waldemar Seunig defines permeability as "the horse's ability and willingness to respond to propulsive, restrained and sideways propulsion aids, to 'let through' them from backwards to forwards and vice versa as well as to the side". Leaning errors such as the "wrong kink", in which the horse 'rolls up' as a result of excessive tackling, or when the horse 'lies on the reins', prevent permeability.


So a horse is permeable if it accepts the rider's help informally and obediently. It reacts without hesitation to driving aids and develops enough thrust. The thigh aids are let through from the hindquarters over the released back - the "most powerful swing feather of the horse's body" - and the released neck to the ajar mouth and forehand. Conversely, the rein aids are passed on from the mouth via the released neck , neck and released back to the hindquarters , without being blocked by tension in any part of the body. Primarily through lateral work is "longitudinal bending improved the support and elastic momentum of the hindquarters is increasing, the whole horse is supple and transparent".

A horse that can be assembled in all three basic gaits at any time has reached the highest level of permeability. The prerequisite for this is that "the horse is stretched out to the reins and straightened , that is, its spine is adapted to the straight or curved line it is entering and, moreover, it is ready at any time, the required degree of pure longitudinal curvature Assembly and gallop work as well as the side walks is necessary to accept. "

Increasing permeability of the horse naturally means that the rider's aids can become finer and finer (if this doesn't happen, the horse will stiffen again). That is u. a. Relevant for working with a curb , which, provided that “permeability and momentum guarantee a perfect ability to gather”, enables the rider to “refine his rein aids and create a resilient, elastic connection between hand and horse's mouth”. Absolute permeability is also essential for the flying gallop changes and especially the series changes.


An “unmistakable test of whether the horse is gathered together and standing in front of the aids” is the approach and canter from holding without steps in between. A “test stone for the absolute permeability of the horse” is the so-called “swing”, in which the horse alternately steps back and forth a certain number of steps in two and four beats, and then after the last step backwards in step, trot or gallop to ride. The transitions should be "fluent and informal". However, changes in tempo as well as changes from traverses and larger or smaller volts on a hoof beat or transitions between different side passages promote and check the permeability. In the high school "transitions from the passage or piaffe to the school trot and vice versa [...] are one of the clearest and most important characteristics of the permeability of the school horse".

Individual evidence

  1. Seunig, p. 283
  2. Seunig, p. 125.
  3. Seunig, p. 132.
  4. Seunig, p. 342.
  5. Seunig, p. 209.
  6. Seunig, p. 243.
  7. Seunig, p. 240.
  8. Seunig, p. 315.
  9. Seunig, p. 318 f.
  10. Guidelines , p. 43.
  11. Seunig, p. 217.
  12. Seunig, p. 219.
  13. Seunig, p. 330.


  • Guidelines for riding and driving. Vol. 2: Advanced training . Published by the Deutsche Reiterlichen Vereinigung (FNverlag), 12th edition, Warendorf 1997, ISBN 3-88542-283-2 .
  • Waldemar Seunig: From the paddock to the caper. The training of the riding horse . With an afterword by Bertold Schirg. 2. Reprint of the edition Berlin 1943, Hildesheim etc. 2001 ( Documenta Hippologica ), ISBN 3-487-08348-5 .