High school (equestrian art)

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In classical equestrian art, high school refers to horse training with the highest degree of difficulty. The literature warns against “artificial distortions of the natural sequence of movements”, which are nothing but “bad circus”, and points out that the lessons of the high school “are already slumbering in the young horse that shows them in moments of excitement”.

The high school should not be an artifice in itself, but the last link in a chain, which in its early stages provides the utility horse that is properly prepared for every type of use. "

The hallmark of the school horse in this sense is its "ability to be gathered together at times to a self-holding position , in which the front and rear pair of legs each have to carry half the load, and which goes so far that the hindquarters predominate in individual lessons Part of this burden, if not all of it, willingly and elastically absorbs ”. In addition to the highest degree of permeability in the high school, there is also the cadence , defined as "rhythmic, raised, carried and at the same time fluid stepping in the abbreviated and school gaits", i.e. the "increased expression in the assembly".

A distinction is made between the lessons of the "schools on earth" and the lessons of the "schools above the earth", which include the school jumps and the surveys . The specialist literature and the individual training centers for classical equestrian art sometimes name the lessons differently. Different lessons are also counted towards those of the high school.

Piaffe , passage , pirouette and change of canter from jump to jump (single change) are essential components of the international dressage sport today .

The different schools

Spanish Riding School

School on earth

School above ground

Royal Andalusian Riding School

School above ground

  • Courbette
  • Caper
  • Levade and pesade

Cadre Noir

School above ground

  • Courbette
  • Caper and croupade

Escola Portuguesa de Arte Equestre

School above ground

  • Courbette
  • Caper and ballotade
  • Levade and pesade

Individual evidence

  1. Seunig, p. 326
  2. quoted after Seunig, p. 326
  3. Seunig, p. 328
  4. Seunig, p. 118
  5. Seunig, p. 335ff.
  6. Seunig, p. 359ff.


  • Waldemar Seunig : From the paddock to the caper. The training of the riding horse . With an afterword by Bertold Schirg. 2. Reprint of the edition Berlin 1943, Hildesheim etc. 2001 ( Documenta Hippologica ), ISBN 3-487-08348-5 .

See also