The Cadre Noir in Saumur is the most famous French riding school.
The Cadre Noir was founded in 1814 as an equestrian training and elite corps of the French military. This is where the name comes from, as the Rittmeister wore a black uniform to distinguish them from other instructors. Today the Cadre Noir is a riding and training corps whose task is to maintain and maintain the French art of riding . As part of this task, the corps trains both riding instructors and excellent riders.
According to the military requirements of the time, the possibilities of thoroughbreds and warm-blooded horses form the basis for the equestrian training of the Cadre Noir, therefore the training does not follow the methods of Guérinière , but is based on those of Baucher . The above-ground schools shown by the Cadre Noir therefore often have the same names as those of the Spanish Riding School , which is based on Guérinière, but they usually differ fundamentally from them. In contrast to the Spanish Riding School, not only dressage, but also show jumping and cross-country riding is the subject of training.
Cadre Noir performances always consist of two parts:
- the reprise de manege of a dressage quadrille
- the recapitulation de sauters with the schools above the ground
Since 2011, the French art of horsemanship, and thus in particular the tradition of the Cadre Noir, has been part of the intangible world cultural heritage .
- Spanish Riding School
- Royal Andalusian Riding School
- Escola Portuguesa de Arte Equestre
- Equestrian sport
- Patrice Franchet d'Esperèy: Le Cadre noir de Saumur , Arthaud, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-7003-1211-2
- Jean-Pierre Tuloup: Une histoire des écuyers du Cadre noir de Saumur , Edition Grandvaux, Brinon-sur-Sauldre 2000, ISBN 2-909550-24-9
- Equitation in the French tradition , I.unesco.org