from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Apoyando plucking technique (from left to right): The high e-string is "pushed through", the finger comes to rest on the next lower B-string.

Apoyando ( pronunciation : [ apoˈʝando ], Spanish: “propped up”, “leaned”), also support strike , applied strike or continuous strike , is a guitar plucking technique . It forms the opposite of the Tirando plucking technique .

Technology and sound

In the apoyando , the played string is "crossed out" with the relevant fingertip so that the finger comes to rest on the next lower string after it has been struck. The plucking finger is curved (in classical guitar technique) like in the Tirando or almost completely stretched out. The tones produced in this way are louder and sound fuller and softer than tones formed with Tirando .


Apoyando is played especially in Latin American pieces and flamenco to emphasize individual melody tones or to give runs a more expressive sound. In flamenco, the thumb in particular plays apoyando , because it plays the melody or prominent bass lines . The apoyando technique can help to accelerate the alternating beat in runs (e.g. scale passages or solos ): Stretching the fingers leads to a “drumming”, “beating” movement, which in contrast to the “claw-like”, “pulling” movement “Movement of the Tirando can be done very quickly after a little practice.


  • Matanya Ophee: The Story of Apoyando. In: Guitar & Laute 4, 1982, 6, pp. 354–365.
  • Joe Washington: The Beatles for classical guitar. 20 solos - arranged by Joe Washington. Wise Publications, London / New York / Sydney / Tokyo / Cologne 1978, p. 83 ( Der Stützschlag ).