Aristarchus of Samothrace

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Aristarchus of Samothrace, detail from: The Apotheosis of Homer (1827) by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780–1867)

Aristarchus of Samothrace ( Greek Ἀρίσταρχος Arístarchos , German also Aristarchus ; * around 216 BC; † 144 BC ) was a well-known Greek philologist and director of the library of Alexandria .

Aristarchus was a student of the philologist Aristophanes of Byzantium , whose successor as head of the library of Alexandria he was. The Egyptian King Ptolemy VI. (180-145 BC) he served as a prince educator , from whose brother Ptolemaios VIII he fled in 145/144 BC. To Cyprus .

Aristarchus' main occupation was grammar and especially literary and textual criticism . He derived the guidelines for his textual criticism from the texts of Homer , the oldest surviving texts in Greek literature, which in his opinion could be regarded as the only reliable guidelines for criticism.

The works of Aristarchus are considered the culmination of ancient philology. Among his most famous students were Apollodorus and Dionysios Thrax , whose grammar was largely based on the results of his teacher.

According to Aristarchus of Samothrace, a "severe critic" is referred to as "Aristarchus".


Web links


  1. Cicero , Ad Atticum 1,14,3; Hieronymus , Epistula 57,12 a. a.