Arturo Barea Ogazón (* 1897 in Badajoz ; † December 24, 1957 in London ) was a Spanish writer who was best known for his autobiography ( La forja de un rebelde , published in German as the Spanish trilogy ).
Barea was born in Badajoz in the Spanish province of Extremadura in 1897. Originally he came from a poor background, his mother was a widowed washerwoman. However, he later moved in with a wealthy uncle, through which he got to know the great contrasts of Spanish society at the beginning of the 20th century. He moved to Madrid, where he achieved social advancement as a civil servant during the Spanish Republic. When the French civil war broke out in 1936 , Barea was on the side of the legal republic and censored, among other things, the reporting of foreign journalists for them. There he met his future wife Ilse Barea-Kulcsar . Later Barea also worked for the radio, where he read his own texts. Due to political intrigues, however, he had to stop these activities and leave Spain in 1938. He and his wife finally went into exile in England via Paris, where he died in 1957.
Barea mainly wrote short stories and novels. With the exception of Valor y miedo: relatos (1938), all of his works were initially published in English and only later in Spanish. His widow most recently published El centro de la pista (1960) posthumously . His main work is the autobiographical Spain trilogy (1951), which covers the period from his youth to his escape during the civil war. In it, Barea describes the political and social conditions of his time. Despite his republican sentiments and his participation in the fight against the putschists, he gives a fairly objective account of what happened. In addition to the deeds of the Falange, he also addresses the crimes of the Republicans. Barea depicts the division of Franco's opponents as well as the suffering and sacrifices of the civilian population.
- Valor y miedo. Tales of the civil war. 1938.
La forja de un rebelde. I. La forja. II. La ruta. III. La llama., Autobiographical Trilogy. 1941–1944 (= years of writing; English version London 1954. Publication in Spanish for the first time Buenos Aires 1951)
- Be hammer or anvil. A trilogy of novels. Translated by Joseph Kalmer. European Publishing House and Book Guild Gutenberg , Frankfurt 1955
- New edition: Spain Trilogy. The rebel forge. The endless road. The voice of Madrid . Translated by Joseph Kalmer. Europa-Verlag , Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-203-75530-0 .
- Lorca. El poeta y su pueblo. Essay on Federico García Lorca . 1944 (also in English translation by Ilse Barea)
- Unamuno. Essay on the philosopher Miguel de Unamuno . 1955 (also in English translation by Ilse Barea)
- La raíz rota. Novel.
- El centro de la pista. Collected stories. 1960
- Essay in: Spanish storytellers. Authors in exile - Narradores espanoles fuera de Espana. Spanish German. Translated and edited by Erna Brandenberger. Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag , Munich 1988, ISBN 3-423-09077-4 .
- Amanda Vaill: Hotel Florida. Truth, Love and Treason in the Spanish Civil War. Translated from the English by Susanne Held. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2015, ISBN 978-3-608-94915-5 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Barea Ogazón, Arturo (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Spanish writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1897|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Badajoz|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 24, 1957|
|Place of death||London|