Augustin Dupré

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FRA 100F 03R GD 1906A.JPG
5 francs Union et Force , 1st Republic
The Hercules 5 Fr of the 3rd Republic

Augustin Dupré (born October 6, 1748 in Saint-Étienne , † January 30, 1833 in Armentières-en-Brie ) was a medalist of French coins and medals, the 14th engraver Général des Monnaies .


He began his working life in the royal arms factory. Around 1770 he settled in Paris , became a student of the sculptor David and engraved his first medals.

The regime change and the reform of the monetary system during and after the French Revolution required new types of money. In April 1791 the convention opened a competition. Dupré's designs won and were used for the new currency. After this success, Dupré received on July 11, 1791 the title of Graveur Général des Monnaies by the Assemblée Nationale . On March 12, 1803, Napoleon deposed him and replaced him with Pierre-Joseph Tiolier .

Coin making

His first contribution to the new revolutionary currency was the Louis d'Or at 24 livres , still with the portrait of Louis XVI on the obverse . , with the title Roi des Français and the date 1792. On the reverse is a Génie ailé (Winged Genius) writing the word Loi on a pedestal, pictured with the inscription Le Règne de la Loi (The Government of Law) and the explanation To III de la liberté . After the proclamation of the republic, Dupré created the majority of the new decimal coins. He introduced the new 5-franc piece with the image of Hercules. Dupré's coin designs accompanied France for over 200 years. The last coin with the Hercules group appeared in 1998.


  • Raisin Trogan, Philippe Sorel: Augustin Dupré (1748–1833), engraver général des monnaies de France . Collections du musée Carnavalet, published by Paris musées in Paris, 2000, ISBN 2879004829

Web links

Commons : Augustin Dupré  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence