|State :||Uttar Pradesh|
|Residents :||49,650 (2001)|
Ayodhya ( Hindi : अयोध्या , Ayodhyā [ ʌˈjoːd̪ʱja ] ) is a historic city in India with around 50,000 inhabitants. The old capital of Awadh (Oudh) is located in the Faizabad district of the state of Uttar Pradesh and is one of the seven holy places of Hinduism , as the god Rama is said to be born there.
Since 1984 representatives called the Hindu nationalism , the establishment of a Rama TEMPLE on the premises of from the 16th century, originating Babri Masjid of Ayodhya. According to Hindu tradition, the god Rama was born here 900,000 years ago. In 1990, Lal Krishna Advani , a senior member of the Indian People's Party ( BJP ), renewed the call for the mosque to be demolished. The reason was that the mosque was built on the ruins of a large and important Hindu temple , the Ram Janmabhumi Temple , which had previously been destroyed by Babur . As a result, tens of thousands of incited Hindus took part in the march on Ayodhya and destroyed the Babri Mosque on December 6, 1992. This in turn caused riots and assaults between Muslims and Hindus across the country , in which more than 2000 people - mostly Muslims - were killed.
The ruins of the destroyed Babri Mosque are now surrounded by a four-meter-high fence and are guarded by the military. On July 5, 2005, armed Muslims broke into the makeshift Hindu temple in the heavily guarded area. Five attackers were killed by security forces and four assault rifles were seized.
The new Ram Janmabhumi Temple is a temple in honor of Rama to be built on the ruins of the Babri Mosque.
- Reinhard Bernbeck, Ulricke Sommer: Politics, Myth and Archeology. Ayodhya and the 3rd World Archeology Congress. In: Ethnologische-Archäologische Zeitschrift 35, 1994, pp. 475–498.
- Koenraad Elst : Ayodhya. The case against the temple. Voice of India, New Delhi 2002, ISBN 81-85990-75-1 .
- Karl-Heinz Golzio: The Assault on Babur's Mosque - Frontal Attack on India's Democracy? About the political implications of the so-called Ayodhya War of Religion. In: Spirita 1, 1993, pp. 49-67.
- R. Kalia: Ayodhya. In: Stanley Wolpert (Ed.): Encyclopedia of India . Volume 1: A – D. Thomson Gale, Detroit et al. 2006, ISBN 0-684-31349-9 , pp. 81f.
- Arvind Sharma (Ed.): Hinduism and secularism. After Ayodhya. Palgrave, Basingstoke et al. 2001, ISBN 0-333-79406-0 .
- Michael Schied: The Evolution of a Fundamentalist Movement in Hinduism. The Ayodhya conflict . Phil. Diss. At the Humboldt University in Berlin. 1992 ( PDF )
- Michael Schied: Nationalism and Fundamentalism in India. The Ayodhya conflict . VDM-Verlag Müller, Saarbrücken 2008, ISBN 978-3-639-00541-7 .
- The Ram Janmabhoomi Mandir (English)
- Ayodhya (English)
- Articles on the Ayodhya Debate (English)
- Ayodhya and the Research on the Temple of Lord Rama (English)
- Photo series "South Asia in Transition", by Dr. Michael Schied at suedasien.info
- Census of India 2001: Population, population in the age group 0-6 and literates by sex - Cities / Towns (in alphabetic order) ( Memento from June 16, 2004 in the Internet Archive )
- Stefan Mentschel: Militant Hindu nationalists riot in the Taj Mahal and Ayodhya. suedasien.info, November 12, 2001