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A gunsmith making a stock

A gunsmith (until the 19th century as Büchsenschäfter called) provides firearms manufactures, repairs them and often also drives trafficking.


Gunsmith is a recognized training occupation. In Germany, the training period is usually three years. Some companies require at least secondary school leaving certificate.

According to the training regulations, metalworking techniques and the handling of wood and plastics are on the program during the training. Further subjects are weapons technology , ballistics , optics and the legal basis of the weapons law . As with most of the apprenticeships, training takes place in a master craftsman's company and in a vocational school. There is currently a vocational school for gunsmiths in Baden-Württemberg ( Ehingen an der Donau ) and a vocational school for gunsmiths in Thuringia ( Suhl ). The school education takes place in block lessons in the gunsmith school in Ehingen. Twelve weeks of block tuition per apprenticeship year are required in Ehingen, which are completed in three blocks, usually four weeks each. These vocational schools offer practical and theoretical training as a gunsmith on site, as well as training as an engraver, although the engraver can only be learned in Suhl. In contrast to the vocational school in Ehingen (only dual training), the Suhl location offers a vocational school (BFS III) and thus the opportunity for purely school-based training (full-time) in the gunsmith's trade, which lasts 3 years and includes 14 weeks of internship in corresponding companies.

The subjects taught in the vocational school include general subjects such as German , English , social studies and economics . The subject-related subjects are materials technology , technical mathematics , technical communication , computer science , hydraulics , pneumatics , PLC and CNC technology . In addition, the students are instructed in subject-specific subjects. These are: hunting guns , sporting guns , handguns , gun maintenance , gun laws , ballistics , optics and a shooting internship .

The gunsmith from Jost Amman's book of estates , 1568
Gunsmith cutting the fish skin on a fore-end

Master training

The training from journeyman to master craftsman takes place in a company, but can also be completed at a commercial school. The preparation course for the master craftsman's examination lasts nine months with 40 hours per week. The exam is taken by the guild .

job profile

The usual duties of a gunsmith are:

  • Maintenance of weapons on behalf of the customer: inspection, cleaning, oiling, etc.
  • Repairs
  • Installation and zeroing in on target devices such as front and rear sights , telescopic sight
  • Apply custom decorations
  • Manufacture of weapons

See also


Web links

Commons : Gunsmith  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : De Meister der Waffenschmithekunst  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Gunsmith  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ehingen industrial school. Professional school. Master classes for gunsmiths
  2. ^ Vocational school for gunsmiths Suhl ( Memento from November 5, 2006 in the Internet Archive )