Battery law

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Basic data
Title: Law on the placing on the market,
return and environmentally compatible disposal of batteries and accumulators
Short title: Battery law
Abbreviation: BattG
Type: Federal law
Scope: Federal Republic of Germany            
Legal matter: Special administrative law , environmental law
References : 2129-53
Issued on: June 25, 2009
( BGBl. I p. 1582 )
Entry into force on: December 1, 2009
Last change by: Art. 6 G of April 13, 2017
( Federal Law Gazette I p. 872, 890 )
Effective date of the
last change:
July 1, 2017
(Art. 8 G of April 13, 2017)
GESTA : C119
Weblink: Text of the BattG
Please note the note on the applicable legal version.

The Battery Act implements the European waste battery directive (Directive 2006/66 / EC of September 6, 2006 on batteries and accumulators and used batteries and accumulators) into German law .


The Battery Act contains binding targets for the return quantity of commercially available old batteries - 35% by 2012 and 45% by 2016 ( Section 16 BattG). The take-back quota given in percent is a rolling quota that takes into account the masses of batteries placed on the market and taken back. There are also restrictions on the use of cadmium and mercury . A registration register for the manufacturers of batteries and accumulators should ensure that they take their responsibility for taking back and disposing of their products. The register of residents is kept at the Federal Environment Agency .

With the reorganization of the waste management product responsibility for batteries and accumulators in force since 1998 is battery regulation replaced. As in the past, the responsibility for taking back and disposing of used batteries and accumulators will remain in the hands of manufacturers, importers and distributors. The return of used batteries is largely handled through retailers. Leading battery manufacturers (eight in total) and the Central Association of Electrical Engineering and Electronics Industry founded the Foundation for the Joint Take-Back System Batteries (GRS Batteries). The non-profit company is the “joint take-back system” established by the Federal Environment Agency for portable batteries in accordance with Section 6 BattG. In the meantime, more than 1,800 manufacturers and importers use the services of GRS Batteries and there are around 170,000 collection points nationwide and nationwide. In 2009 a collection rate of 44% was already achieved. GRS Batteries has already exceeded the targets for 2012 and is very close to the quota that was set for 2016. There are other battery collection systems in Germany, such as CCR REBAT from CCR AG, Öcorecell from IFA-Ingenieurgesellschaft mbH or ERP European Recycling Platform. These systems have a market share of around 15 percent. These systems will also meet the requirements of the BattG.

The correct exercise of this waste management product responsibility by manufacturers and importers will in future be ensured by a state manufacturer register. From December 1, 2009, manufacturers and importers may only place batteries and accumulators on the market if they have reported this to the register kept at the Federal Environment Agency and provided information on how they are responsible for their products.

New version of the BattG

The 2013 amendment to the underlying European directive entails a new version of the German Battery Act. The requirements for placing mercury-containing button cells and cadmium-containing device batteries and accumulators that are used in cordless electrical devices on the market are primarily affected. The ultimate goal is the permanent removal of these dangerous substances from the material cycle. Since October 2015, the placing on the market of button cells that contain more than 0.0005% (5 mg / kg) mercury has been prohibited. Portable batteries and accumulators containing more than 0.002% (20 mg / kg) cadmium may no longer be placed on the market from January 2017. Exceptions exist for batteries for alarm systems, emergency lighting and medical applications.

Individual proof

  1. German battery law is to be changed , in: Elektronik-Informations, Edition 2/2016, AT-Fachverlag (ed.), Planegg, 2016

Web links