Abdominal wall

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Horizontal section through the abdominal wall

The abdominal wall or abdominal wall comprises all anatomical structures that serve to delimit the front and sides of the abdomen (abdomen).

These anatomical structures are from the outside in:

  1. the dermis ( skin )
  2. the subcutis (subcutaneous tissue )
  3. the superficial body fascia ( fascia abdominalis superficialis )
  4. the abdominal muscles including their tendon plates and fasciae
  5. the inner abdominal fascia ( Fascia transversalis or Fascia endoabdominalis )
  6. the peritoneum , which is the parietal peritoneum that lies against the inner abdominal fascia.

The abdominal wall serves, among other things, to protect the abdominal organs , the storage of fat in the subcutis, through its muscular part of the mobility of the trunk , as auxiliary breathing muscles during exhalation and by means of the so-called abdominal press to support defecation , in case of bladder emptying disorders also emptying the bladder .

The abdominal wall itself is under pressure from the organs located in the abdominal cavity and the intraperitoneal fat tissue, and in the presence of ascites , the fluid contained therein as well.

When inflammation in the abdomen involving the peritoneum there may be a reflex guarding get the abdominal muscles.

See also