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Betar or Beitar is a Zionist youth organization that was founded in 1923 in Riga (Latvia) by the revisionist Zionist Ze'ev Jabotinsky and can be regarded as the forerunner of the Israeli parties Cherut and Likud .


The name Betar is an abbreviation for "Brit HaNoar HaIvri al shem Joseph Trumpeldor", German for "Hebrew Youth Association Josef Trumpeldor". During the First World War, Joseph Trumpeldor worked with Jabotinsky to set up a Jewish unit (the “ Jewish Legion ”) that fought as part of the British Army in the Battle of Gallipoli and later in Palestine . The role model here was the Polish Legions , which fought for an independent Poland in World War I. In 1920 he was killed defending the exposed Jewish settlement of Tel Chai against Arab attackers. Unlike Trumpeldor, who pursued Zionist socialism, Jabotinsky belonged to the revisionist wing of the Zionist movement.

During the Second World War , members of the Betar founded the Żydowski Związek Wojskowy (Jewish Military Association), which participated in the defense of the Warsaw Ghetto .

The Israeli Prime Ministers Menachem Begin , Yitzchak Shamir and Ehud Olmert were or are former members of Betar, as was the former Defense Minister Moshe Arens .

Sports association

The sports association was founded in 1924. The clubs of this association are politically right-wing. They often have the designation Betar in their name, the best known being Beitar Jerusalem . The sports clubs that belong to the HaPoel association are politically more on the left. In addition to HaPoel, the largest sports association in Israel, the Maccabi association is also larger than Betar.

Individual evidence

  1. Timothy Snyder : Black Earth. London 2015, p. 64.
  2.  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed April 2, 2014.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  

Web links

Commons : Betar  - collection of images, videos and audio files