A breeding bird of an area is a bird art , which in this area breeds , as opposed to guest birds (Winter guests About Sommerer) and Durchzüglern . This also includes breeding parasites such as the cuckoo , where the breeding business is limited to laying eggs. A distinction is made between frequent, regular and occasional breeding birds; the latter are also referred to as multiplying guests.
In the numerical survey of frequent breeding birds, all suspected breeding birds (territorial birds ) are often recorded.
Red lists of endangered breeding bird species such as the Red List of Germany's breeding birds appear regularly .
Situation in Germany
According to the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) and the Umbrella Association of German Avifaunists (DDA) , the number of breeding birds in Germany fell by 14 million (eight percent) between 1992 and 2016 . According to the evaluation of thousands of data sets, the number of field birds in particular fell. The population of partridge and lapwing has decreased by almost 90 percent since 1992 . The development of the black godwit , snipe and whinchat , which needs wet meadows and less intensively used pastures as habitat, is similar . The evaluation shows clear regional differences: while many bird species have been preserved in north-east Germany, there is an increasing lack of fallow land , arable land and unpaved dirt roads in the densely populated west of Germany and in numerous regions of southern Germany . Particularly endangered bird species such as the gray bunting are therefore no longer to be found in large parts of western and southern Germany. The population of Great Bustard and Montagu's Harrier was increased through a species protection program.
- Red list of breeding birds in Germany (at the Naturschutzbund)
- DER SPIEGEL: Decline by 14 million animals: Fewer and fewer birds in Germany - DER SPIEGEL - Wissenschaft. Retrieved February 27, 2020 .