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Buphonion ( ancient Greek Βουφονιών ) was a month in at least two ancient Greek calendars based on the Ionic calendar .

The month is attested by inscriptions for the calendars of Tenos and Delos . On Delos he stood between the Metageitnion and the Apaturion , on Tenos the Buphonion followed the Heraion and possibly stood before the Apaturion. In the Attic calendar , the reference calendar for Ionic local calendars, it is equated with the Boëdromion , which in the Julian calendar roughly corresponds to September .

The name of the month is traced back to Buphonia , the sacrifice of a plow ox , which was carried out this month in honor of the god Zeus .



  1. Cf. Catherine Trümpy : Investigations into the ancient Greek month names and month sequences . C. Winter, Heidelberg 1997, ISBN 3-8253-0516-3 , p. 63f. Wilhelm Kubitschek calls the Metageitnion .
  2. Martin Persson Nilsson : History of the Greek Religion , Volume 1. Beck, Munich 1967. S. 153.