The lower, older part of Peyrepertuse
|Creation time :||12th Century|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, rocky location|
Peyrepertuse is the ruin of a rock castle m² with a total of 7000 and the largest fortress of the Cathars in today's France . It is located in the Occitania region on a rock above the Verdouble river valley , at an altitude of 800 m. At the foot of the mountain on which the fortress is built, on the southern slope, lies Duilhac-sous-Peyrepertuse . Below the northern slope, on the opposite side of the mountain, is the municipality of Rouffiac-des-Corbières . From there you have an impressive panorama of the castle.
The lower part of the complex, the actual Peyrepertuse, was built in the 11th century. The church of Sainte-Marie is also located in it.
In 1226 the fortress fell to the King of Aragon , who lost it to France in a three-day battle in 1240. Saint Louis enlarged the complex in 1242 with the construction of the upper fortress called San Jordi .