from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cöln is an outdated spelling of Cologne that was officially prescribed from 1857 to 1919 .

Derived from the name of a Roman colony in the province of Germania inferior (Lower Germania ), the Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium ( CCAA for short , German: Claudian colony and sacrificial site of the Agrippinensians ), different and changing spellings for Cologne such as Kolne , Colne , Kollen , arose in the Middle Ages . Collen , Coellne or Coellen , with the beginning of the modern era , Collen established itself as a spelling. Since there was no generally applicable spelling , Cologne was written with both C and  K before 1800 . After the French period sat in Cologne more and more Cologne as a notation by.

Commissioned by King Frederick William IV. Of Prussia Minister of State led Otto Theodor von Manteuffel by rescript of September 8, 1857 a decree brought the Interior Minister, who for all state authorities in Prussia spelling Cologne prescribed. The Cologne City Council decided at the request of Joseph Neven DuMont on 24 December 1897, the uniform spelling of Cologne . On 30 October 1900, this effort was the city by the district president of the administrative district of Cologne Hugo Samuel von Richthofen by decision rejected. A lawsuit by the city of Cologne was dismissed on November 29, 1901, and the spelling of Cologne was also made mandatory for the city administration.

After the First World War and the proclamation of the Weimar Republic , the city administration reintroduced the spelling of Cologne on January 30, 1919 , which was made generally applicable on April 10, 1919 by a decree of the Prussian state government .

Since then, Cologne with K has been the valid and official spelling of the name of the city of Cologne.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Adam Wrede : Neuer Kölnischer Sprachschatz , Volume K – R, p. 73.
  2. a b Historical Archive of the City of Cologne: On the History of Cologne - When was Cologne written with a K and when was it written with a C? accessed on September 6, 2014.
  3. cf. Negotiations of the city council of Cologne on December 23, 1897.
  4. cf. Negotiations of the city council meeting of Cologne on May 31 and November 8, 1900.
  5. ^ Gerhard Dietrich: Museum of Applied Art Cologne - Museum, Art and City in the Mirror of the Press. City of Cologne (ed.), Cologne 1988, sheet 1897.
  6. cf. Official Journal of the Royal Government of Cologne, November 7, 1900, p. 426.
  7. cf. Official Gazette of the Government of Cologne of May 1, 1920, p. 153.