The adductor canal ( adductor canal ) is an anatomical structure on the human thigh . The approximately six centimeter long canal is used for the passage of the femoral artery and the femoral vein from the ventral side of the thigh ( regio femoris anterior ) to the hollow of the knee ( fossa poplitea ) . In the adductor canal, the femoral artery is anterior to the vein. The saphenous nerve and the genus descending artery also run partially in the adductor canal, but leave it anteriorly by piercing the vastoadductoria membrane.
The dorsal border of the adductor canal forms the groove between the vastus medialis muscle and the adductors. The ventral wall is formed by a tendon plate that spans between the vastus medialis and adductor magnus muscles: the vastoadductoria membrane . The canal is open proximally and distally. Its distal opening is formed by the gap between the attachment points of the adductor magnus muscle and is called the adductor hiatus or tendinous hiatus .
- Herbert Lippert: Textbook anatomy . 7th edition. Urban and Fischer at Elsevier, Munich; Jena 2006, ISBN 978-3-437-42362-8 , pp. 794 f . (Hardcover, 884 pages).