Femoral vein

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Anatomical drawing, veins blue ( vena femoralis left; vena saphena magna right), arteria femoralis red, nervus femoralis yellow

The vena femoralis ( lat. "Thigh vein ") is a strong venous blood vessel that continues the course of the popliteal vein and accompanies the femoral artery of the same name on the front and inside of the thigh in the so-called adductor canal ( canalis adductorius ). In the proximal ( proximal portion) is they are relatively close to the surface and enters between the musculus pectineus or filled the with loose connective tissue, and each lymph node femoral canal (medial / s) and the femoral artery (lateral / outside) through the vascular space below the inguinal ligament ( Ligamentum inguinale ) through. Shortly before, it takes the deep femoral vein from the depth of the thigh and above the muscle fascia extending saphenous vein on. After it has entered the pelvis, it is called the external iliac vein, analogous to the artery . Immediately under the inguinal ligament, the femoral vein is easily accessible for punctures or the placement of a central venous catheter . Despite its relatively superficial location, it is one of the deep or central veins.

In domestic mammals, the femoral vein runs from the lacuna vasorum over the thigh gap to the hollow of the knee.


  • Theodor H. Schiebler, Walter Schmidt, Karl Zilles: Anatomie. Cytology, histology, history of development, macroscopic and microscopic human anatomy . 7th edition. Springer, Berlin 1997. ISBN 3-540-61856-2 .