Charles John Phipps
Charles John Phipps (* 1835 in Bath , Somerset , England ; † May 25, 1897 in London ) was a British architect who was best known for his theaters.
He carried out his first major work in his native city of Bath. After the old Theater Royal was destroyed by fire in 1862, an architectural competition for reconstruction was announced, which Phipps won. When he later moved to London, he quickly gained a reputation there as a leading architect of new theater buildings. In 1881 he created the world's first theater, the Savoy Theater , which was completely electrically illuminated.
In addition to the many theaters he built in London, Phipps was also responsible for 40 other theaters across the country. Including houses in Ireland. Phipps was a member of the Royal Institute of British Architects from 1866 and sat on its council from 1875 to 1876. He was selected to design the new domicile of the Royal Institute of British Architects at 9 Conduit Street . It is said that the architecture of the building shows the influence of Phipps' native Bath. The building still exists there, but in 1934 the institute itself moved to Portland Place . Phipps was also a member of the Society of Antiquaries of London .
On April 10, 1860, he married Honnor Hicks . The couple had two sons and three daughters. One of his sons-in-law, Arthur Blomfield Jackson , was a partner in his architecture firm until Phipps' death.
Phipps died on May 25, 1897 at the age of 62.
- Theater Royal (Bath) (1862–1863)
- Theater Royal (Nottingham) (1865)
- Theater Royal (Brighton) (1854) (extension)
- Queen's Theater (Long Acre) (1867)
- Gaiety Theater (London) (1868)
- Olympic Theater (1870), demolished 1904
- Varieties Music Hall, Hoxton (1870), demolished circa 1980
- Vaudeville Theater , London (1871)
- Gaiety Theater (Dublin) (1871)
- Tivoli Theater (Aberdeen) (1872)
- Theater Royal (Glasgow) (1880 and 1895), his largest surviving work
- Theater Royal (Belfast) (1881), demolished 1961
- Savoy Theater , London (1881), rebuilt in 1929, his most important work
- Royal Strand Theater (1882) demolished 1905
- Royal Lyceum Theater , Edinburgh (1883)
- Royal Hippodrome Theater (originally: Theater Royal and Opera House), Eastbourne (1883)
- Prince's Theater, London (1884) also known as the Prince of Wales Theater; demolished in 1934
- Royal Theater (Northampton) , Northampton (1884)
- Theater Royal (Portsmouth) (1884)
- Theater Royal (Exeter) (1886), destroyed by fire 1887
- Lyric Theater , London (1888)
- Original Shaftesbury Theater (1888)
- Garrick Theater , London, with Walter Emden (1889)
- Tivoli Theater, London (1890), demolished 1957
- Queen's Hall (1893), first drafts, damaged by bombs in 1941 and closed, demolished in the late 1950s
- Daly's Theater (1893), demolished
- Grand Theater, Wolverhampton (1894)
- Folly Theater (1895), planning only
- Her Majesty's Theater , London (1897)
Some of his work in the picture
- John Earl, Michael Sell: Guide to British Theaters 1750–1950. Theaters Trust, 2000, ISBN 0-7136-5688-3 , pp. 279-282.
- University of Bristol Theater Collection (English)
- ↑ Michael Burgess: Richard D'Oyly Carte. In: The Savoyard. January 1975, pp. 7-11.
- ^ CJ Phipps, architect of the theater . In: The Savoyard . 20, No. 2, September 1981, p. 7.
- ↑ John Earl, Michael Sell: Guide to British Theaters 1750-1950. 2000, p. 250.
- ↑ John Earl, Michael Sell: Guide to British Theaters 1750-1950. 2000, p. 133.
|SURNAME||Phipps, Charles John|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Phipps, Charles J.|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British theater architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1835|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bath , Somerset , England|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 25, 1897|
|Place of death||London , England|