Charles Thomas Clough

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Charles Thomas Clough (born December 23, 1852 in Huddersfield , † August 27, 1916 in Edinburgh ) was a British geologist.

Charles Thomas Clough, son of attorney Thomas William Clough, attended rugby school from 1867 to 1871 and studied science at St John's College , Cambridge from 1871 to 1875 . From 1875 he worked for the Geological Survey , initially as an assistant geologist. First he worked in the north of England. In 1884 he was transferred to Scotland, where he was known for his work in the north-west Highlands and the Hebrides. In 1896 he was promoted to geologist and in 1902 to district geologist.

In 1906 the Geological Society of London awarded him the Murchison Medal .

On August 24, 1916, while examining stones in a narrow railway cut in West Lothian , Clough was struck by a railroad and died of his injuries three days later. Shortly before his death on March 6, 1916, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh .

The Edinburgh Geological Society awards him the Clough Medal annually and the Clough Memorial Award every two years .


  • The Economic Geology of the Central Coalfield of Scotland ; 1917; with Lionel Wordsworth Hinxman, Colin Bassett Crampton, Ernst M. Anderson from the Geological Survey of Great Britain
  • The Geology of the Neighborhood of Edinburgh. Second edition
  • The Geology of East Lothian, including parts of the Counties of Edinburgh and Berwick
  • The Geology of Glenelg, Lochalsh, and South-East part of Skye


  • David Land: Charles Thomas Clough ; In: The Edinburgh Geologist - Issue no 28; December 1995 ( table of contents )
  • David Roger Oldroyd: Earth, Water, Ice and Fire. Two Hundred Years of Geological Research in the English Lake District . Geological Society, London 2002, ISBN 1-86239-107-6 ( GBS )
  • AL Harris: Clough, Charles Thomas (1852–1916) (rev.) In: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 ( doi: 10.1093 / ref: odnb / 37294 )

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed October 17, 2019 .