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Atlantic herring

Atlantic herring

Class : Ray fins (Actinopterygii)
Subclass : Neuflosser (Neopterygii)
Subclass : Real bony fish (Teleostei)
Overcohort : Clupeocephala
Cohort : Otomorpha
Sub-cohort : Clupeomorpha
Scientific name
Greenwood , Rosen , Weitzman & Myers , 1966

The Clupeomorpha ( Clupei after Wiley and Johnson 2010) are a group of the real bony fish (Teleostei). Among the Clupeomorpha include not only the herring-like (Clupeiformes) the extinct from the Cretaceous and Eocene known order Ellimmichthyiformes .


The Clupeomorpha differ from the other bony fish by their special tail skeleton, the second hypuralia is fused with the first vertebral center in all stages of ontogenesis . They also have a peculiar, double connection between the inner ear (labyrinth) and the swim bladder . The supratemporal (skull bone) is connected to the lateral line organ via the parietal bone (parietal bone) and supraoccipital (skull bone).


  • Kurt Fiedler, Textbook of Special Zoology, Volume II, Part 2: Fish , Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 1991, ISBN 3-334-00339-6 .
  • Joseph S. Nelson, Fishes of the World , John Wiley & Sons, 2006, ISBN 0-471-25031-7 .
  • EO Wiley & G. David Johnson: A teleost classification based on monophyletic groups. Pages 123-182 in Joseph S. Nelson , Hans-Peter Schultze & Mark VH Wilson: Origin and Phylogenetic Interrelationships of Teleosts. 2010, Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich, ISBN 978-3-89937-107-9 .

Web links

Commons : Clupeomorpha  - collection of images, videos and audio files