History and economy
Crespina is first mentioned in a document from 1119. At that time there was a castle owned by the Bishop of Pisa. The area served the city of Pisa to supply food (grain, olive oil, wine). After the change of power between Pisa and Lucca , the castle was captured by the Florentines in 1405 and razed in 1434 . In modern times the municipality belonged first to Livorno , then to Fauglia , and was independent from 1902. On January 1, 2014, the municipality of Crespina was merged with the neighboring municipality of Lorenzana to form the new municipality of Crespina Lorenzana. The town hall seat of the new municipality is in Crespina.
Economically important are agriculture (viticulture, cultivation of vine shoots, flowers), handicrafts (textiles, furniture) and agrotourism .
Culture and sights
Around Crespina there are several beautiful country villas, which were built by the Pisan and Livornese aristocrats as summer residences, including Villa Valdisonzi , Villa della Canonica and Villa del Carretta (also called Villa del Belvedere , 16th century).
- Chiesa di San Michele , was built between 1885 and 1891 to replace the older church. Contains two paintings from the 14th century, Madonna con il Bambino e angeli musicanti by Giovanni di Bartolomeo Cristiani and San Michele Arcangelo che abbatte il drago , probably by Bernardo Daddi .
- Oratorio di San Franceso , contains the canvas painting Madonna con il Bambino e San Francesco di Paola by Tommaso Tommasi, created in 1743.
- Oratorio di San Rocco (17th century)
- Oratorio di Santa Maria e San Ranieri , Chapel of the Villa del Carretta (1770s)
- Fiera delle Civette (Owl Festival) on September 29th
- Agricultural show in the district of Cenaia, in September
- Center for owl breeding
See also little owl and keeping
- Emanuele Repetti: CRESPINA. In: Dizionario Geografico Fisico Storico della Toscana (1833–1846) , online edition of the University of Siena (pdf, Italian)
- Rudolf Schaaf: The little owl from Crespina (PDF; 755 kB) . In: Kautzbrief 17 (2005) pp. 14–24
- Il Comune di Crespina Lorenzana (PI) , tuttitalia.it on the new municipality of Crespina Lorenzana, accessed on February 26, 2014 (Italian)
- Ovidio Guaita: Le ville della Toscana. Newton & Compton editori, Rome 1997, ISBN 88-8183-787-0 , p. 187 ff.
- I Luoghi della Fede.