Dār al-Islam

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The Islamic legal term Dār al-Islām ( Arabic دار الإسلام, DMG dār al-islām  'House of Islam') refers to all areas under Muslim rule. The opposite term is Dār al-Harb ("House of War"). In contrast to umma , the term does not go back to any text in the Koran or the Sunna . Rather, it is an interpretation of the legal scholars: areas that are not controlled by the Ummah are considered Dār al-Ḥarb .

For political and ideological reasons, Dār al-Islām is also known as Dār as-Salām ("House of Peace"). The inhabitants of Dār al-Islam are either Muslims or dhimmis , subjects of minor rights. Non-Muslims from the Dār al-Ḥarb have to conclude a temporary protection contract ( Aman ) if they want to enter the Dār al-Islam , since otherwise, as so-called Ḥarbīs , they would have no rights, not even the right to life .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Christian Szyska, MA, University of Bonn, Oriental Studies: Dâr al-islâm / Dâr al-harb. In: Federal Center for Political Education. Retrieved July 26, 2018 .