Danilov Monastery

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aerial view
The Katholikon is dedicated to the Holy Fathers of the Seven First Ecumenical Councils and contains three churches: one at ground level, two built above.
Visit by Ronald Reagan in 1988

The Danilov Monastery ( Russian Данилов монастырь ) in Moscow is the official seat of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church . This is where the meetings of the Holy Synod take place.


The monastery was founded at the end of the 13th century by Daniel of Moscow , the son of Alexander Nevsky . It not only had a spiritual function, but also served military purposes as part of the fortifications of Moscow. After Daniel's death, the monastery moved to the Kremlin , only a cemetery remained at the original location. In 1560 Ivan the Terrible noticed the neglected cemetery on a march past and had new monks settled. In the Time of Troubles in 1606 took place in the cloister of an attack by the forces under Mikhail Vasilyevich Skopin-Shuisky against Ivan Bolotnikov , and in 1610 the monastery was by followers of . False Dmitry II severely damaged. 1682 gave Tsar Fyodor III. two bells for the newly built bell tower.

During Napoleon's Russian campaign in 1812 , the monastery was looted by the Grande Armée , but the sacristy and treasury had previously been moved to Vologda and the Trinity Monastery of Sergiev Posad . In the second half of the 19th century, numerous writers, artists and scientists were buried in the cemetery of the monastery, such as Nikolai Gogol , Nikolai Jasykow , Vasily Perow , Nikolai Rubinstein , Vladimir Solovyov and many others. However, during the time of the Soviet Union, most of the remains were transferred to the Novodevichy Cemetery .

After the October Revolution of 1917 the monastery housed an umbrella factory and a prison. The ensemble was only returned to the church in 1988, on the 1000th anniversary of the Russian Orthodox Church, at the request of Patriarch Pimen I.


In addition to a modern press center and a hotel, the building has four old churches. Overall, the monastery is rather simple.

Web links

Commons : Danilov Monastery  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 55 ° 42 ′ 39.3 "  N , 37 ° 37 ′ 45.4"  E