In criminology , the term offense is used as a general (more sociologically than legally defined) term for a criminal offense. In the same way, sociology and criminology speak of the offender as of the delinquent . Of delinquency criminal offenses will (then equivalent to an individual in the social sciences both in the age of committing crime ) also spoken as in terms of identifiable basis of objective criteria (usually acts), subjective anchored tendency.
Criminologically, certain types of criminal offenses or legal violations are also grouped into crime groups, e.g. B .:
- Telling offenses
- Official offenses
- Statement offenses
- Offenses in connection with the violation of personal life and privacy
- Drug offenses
- Property crimes , see property crimes
- Offenses of honor
- Liberty crimes
- Public offenses
- Violent crimes
- Bodily harm offense
- Legal offenses
- Judicial offenses
- Sexual offenses
- Moral offenses
- State offenses i. w. S.
- Tax offenses
- Transit offenses, d. H. Offenses in which the transport of certain things is a criminal offense; z. B. § 1 Abs. 1 S. 1 BtMG, § 326 Abs. 2 StGB
- Environmental crimes
- Document offenses
- Traffic offenses
- Property offenses
- Competition offenses
In criminal law z. B. distinguish the following types of offenses, depending on the type of implementation:
- intentional vs. negligent offense
- accomplished vs. attempted offense
- Commission offense vs. Omission offense
- Successful Offense vs. Activity offense
- State offense vs. Permanent offense
- General misery vs. (real / fake) special offense vs. Autograph crime
Injury offense (which itself is a success offense ) vs.
- specific offense at risk (e.g. § 315c StGB) vs.
- abstract endangering offense (e.g. § 316 StGB) vs.
- (Combination between infringement offense and endangering offense (e.g. § 315b StGB) vs.)
- Suitability offense (e.g. air pollution)
In common parlance, allegedly “excusable” acts are also referred to as petty offenses .