German Reich Committee for the Scientific Research of Sport and Physical Exercise

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Memorial plaque at the founding site in Oberhof / Thuringia

The German Reich Committee for Scientific Research into Sport and Physical Exercise was the world's first national association, founded in 1912, to deal with sports medicine . Successor organizations were the German Medical Association for the Promotion of Physical Activity in 1924 , the German Sports Medical Association (dissolved in 1937 and re-established in 1950), in 1954 the Society for Sports Medicine of the GDR and today's German Society for Sports Medicine and Prevention (Deutscher Sportärztebund) eV


The Reich Committee was founded at the first German sports medical congress from September 21 to 23, 1912 in Oberhof . The organization was the forerunner of today's German Society for Sports Medicine and Prevention (Deutscher Sportärztebund). The first chairman of the organization was Friedrich Kraus , professor for internal medicine at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin and head of the II. Medical Clinic of the Charité there . The far-reaching goals with regard to general physical fitness also led to the participation of other Reich associations, such as the Young Germany Federation and the German and Austrian Alpine Association .

As early as 1913, the Prussian State Gymnastics Institute in Berlin-Spandau and the German Stadium in Berlin-Grunewald (demolished in 1934 for the benefit of the Olympic Stadium) employed the first full-time sports doctors. The appointment of Dr. Arthur Mallwitz in the German Stadium as the first sports doctor in the world was largely due to the instigation of the Berlin Association for Scientific Research into Sports and Physical Exercise. V. , a forerunner organization of the Reich Committee founded in the spring of 1912. With the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, further activities had to be stopped for the time being.

At the second German sports physician congress in Berlin in 1924, there was a re-establishment as the German Medical Association to promote physical exercise , which saw itself in the tradition of the Reich Committee of 1912.

Individual evidence

  1. a b Gertrud Pfister: Professionalization process in sport - for the development of sports medicine in the Weimar Republic . In: Sabine Meck: (editor): “Festschrift for Dieter Voigt”. Lit, Münster 2001, p. 301. ISBN 3-8258-5618-6
  2. Klaus Gottschalk: The contribution of the DHfK to the training of specialists in sports medicine . In: Gerhard Lehmann u. a. (Editor): "German University for Physical Culture Leipzig 1950-1990: Development, Function, Working Method". Meyer & Meyer Sportverlag, Aachen 2007, pp. 193–194. ISBN 3898992861 .
  3. Jürgen Court: The "Association for Scientific Research in Sport and Physical Exercises e. V. ”from 1912 . In: “Yearbook of the German Society for the History of Sports Science e. V. ". LIT Verlag, Münster 2006, p. 180. ISBN 3825893529
  4. Greiner, E .; Arndt, K.-H .: The first German sports medical congress in 1912 - program for a century . In: German Journal for Sports Medicine (Cologne) 55 (2004) 12: 310–314


  • Arndt, K.-H .; Greiner, E .: Foundation of the German Reich Committee for the Scientific Research of Sport and Physical Exercise (German National Committee for Scientific Research of Sport and Physical Exercise) at Oberhof in 1912. Int. J. Sports Med. (Stuttgart) 14 (1993) 3: 169
  • Arndt, K.-H., Löllgen, H., Schnell. D. - DGSP (Ed.): 100 Years of GERMAN SPORTMEDICINE. Druckhaus Verlag Gera 2012, ISBN 978-3-9814576-4-3
  • Hollmann, W., Tittel, K .: History of German Sports Medicine, Druckhaus Gera 2008, ISBN 978-3-9811758-2-0