life and work
Mallwitz was an active athlete and took part in the long jump , standing vault and pentathlon disciplines at the 1906 Olympic Intermediate Games in Athens. In 1908 he started at the Olympic Games in London in standing long jump and standing high jump and achieved his best Olympic placement in this discipline with an eighth place. In 1907 he became German champion in high jump .
At the Games in Athens in 1906 he met Carl Diem for the first time . From 1906 Mallwitz edited the journal Körperkultur - monthly journal for sensible body discipline , which he gave in 1913 to the national publisher Erich Matthes . In 1908 he completed his medical studies at the University of Berlin with a doctorate. His work on physical high performance with a special focus on Olympic sports is considered the first ever sports medicine dissertation. His teachers included August Bier , Rudolf Klapp and Max Rubner .
At the International Hygiene Exhibition in Dresden in 1911, Mallwitz was responsible for organizing the sports department headed by Max Rubner . To this end, he set up a sports laboratory and, together with René du Bois-Reymond, carried out anthropometric measurements on top athletes. In 1913 Mallwitz was hired as the world's first full-time sports doctor at the German Stadium in Berlin-Grunewald . This was done at the instigation of the Berlin Association for Scientific Research in Sport and Physical Exercise. V. , a forerunner organization of the German Reich Committee founded in 1912 for scientific research into sport and physical activity .
Mallwitz reported on his experience as a team doctor for the German Olympic teams at the Games in London in 1908 and Stockholm in 1912 at the first German Sports Medical Congress in Oberhof in 1912 . He described the planned establishment of a sports science research institute in Berlin-Charlottenburg and the establishment of the German Reich Committee for the scientific research of sport and physical exercise as the “crown of endeavors that put the German Reich in the first place among nations at the sixth Olympiad in Berlin in 1916 should put ".
From 1917 onwards, Mallwitz was the medical officer in charge of the sports medical exercise leader in Lazarett I of the Görden State Institution in Brandenburg an der Havel . At the 3rd War Surgery Conference in Brussels in February 1918, he presented the results of his work together with General Oberarzt Reinhold Leu . As a result, exercise therapy was officially recognized as a healing measure for war invalids .
In 1920 Mallwitz wrote a memorandum on behalf of the German student body on the formation of the gymnastics and sports office of the student body and, among other things, advocated the formation of sports offices by the general student committees of the individual universities and regular competitions, including for female students. From 1922 he worked as a consultant (later Ministerialrat ) for physical exercises at the Prussian Ministry for People's Welfare . In 1924, the German Medical Association for the promotion of physical exercise was founded at a conference , and Mallwitz was elected its deputy chairman. Ferdinand August Schmidt became the first chairman .
When the World Association for Sports Medicine, the Association Internationale Medico Sportive / AIMS (today FIMS ) was founded as part of the 2nd Olympic Winter Games in St. Moritz in 1928, Mallwitz was chosen as General Secretary. In the same year he received a teaching position for sports hygiene at the University of Berlin .
In 1951 Mallwitz was elected the first chairman of the newly founded Association of German Disabled Sports .
- The gymnastics and sports office of the German student body. Goettingen 1920
- with Carl Diem and E. Neuendorff (eds.): Handbuch der Leibesübungen. Berlin 1923
- Josef Hermann Schäfer: Ministerialrat Dr. med. Arthur Mallwitz (1880–1968) - a life dedicated to sport, sports medicine and health care. University of Bonn, Bonn 2003 (presented as dissertation)
- W. Hollmann, K. Tittel: History of the German sports medicine. Druckhaus Gera 2008, ISBN 978-3-9811758-2-0
- Literature by and about Arthur Mallwitz in the catalog of the German National Library
- Arthur Mallwitz in the Sports-Reference database (English; archived from the original )
- Jürgen Court: German sports science in the Weimar Republic and in National Socialism. Volume 1. LIT Verlag, Münster 2008, ISBN 3-8258-1379-7 , p. 51
Bernd Wedemeyer-Kolwe: The "new person" in his "new body" - youth movement and physical culture. In: Ulrich Herrmann (Ed.): “The new time moves with us” - the wandering bird in the German youth movement. Juventa, Weinheim 2006, ISBN 3-7799-1133-7 , p. 147
Body culture: Monthly for sensible body discipline . Publishing body culture, Berlin and Liebenwerda.
- Jürgen Court: German sports science in the Weimar Republic and in National Socialism. Volume 1. LIT Verlag, Münster 2008, ISBN 3-8258-1379-7 , p. 49
- Angelika Uhlmann: "Sport is the general practitioner at the sick camp of the German people" - Wolfgang Kohlrausch (1888–1980) and the history of German sports medicine. Mabuse-Verlag, Frankfurt 2005, ISBN 3-938304-13-8 , p. 180 ( urn : nbn: de: bsz: 25-opus-15907 )
- Jürgen Court: The "Association for Scientific Research in Sport and Physical Exercises e. V. ”from 1912. In: Yearbook of the German Society for the History of Sports Science e. V. LIT Verlag, Münster 2006, ISBN 3-8258-9352-9 , p. 180
- Angelika Uhlmann: "Sport is the general practitioner at the sick camp of the German people" - Wolfgang Kohlrausch (1888–1980) and the history of German sports medicine. Mabuse-Verlag, Frankfurt 2005, ISBN 3-938304-13-8 , pp. 51–52 ( urn : nbn: de: bsz: 25-opus-15907 )
- Gertrud Pfister: Professionalization process in sport - for the development of sports medicine in the Weimar Republic. In: Sabine Meck: (Ed.): Festschrift for Dieter Voigt. Lit, Münster 2001, ISBN 3-8258-5618-6 , p. 302
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||first sports doctor in the world|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 15, 1880|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 20, 1968|
|Place of death||Bad Honnef|