Stand long jump
A standing long jump is a long jump without a run-up, ie from standing. It belongs to the standing jump competitions (such as standing high jump and standing triple jump ). From 1900 to 1912 long jump was one of the Olympic athletics disciplines .
The standing long jump is carried out on a mat, in a sand pit or on ordinary ground. The jumper stands on the jumping board. The legs are slightly bent and both arms are used to get momentum. Now he crouches slightly with a straight back and the arms are behind the body. Weight is shifted to the balls of the feet and the heels do not touch the ground. The jumper jumps off with both legs and pulls his arms forward or up. In the air, the legs are often raised (kneeling). Then he often gets the last swing by pressing his arms, which are held up and stretched, towards his body. The jumper lands with both feet on the ground.
These processes take place in a flash. The more horizontal the jump, the further the jump. Unlike a normal long jump, the arms are most important.
Techniques and exercises
There are many other techniques. You jump further when you hold weights in your hands. These weights are e.g. B. fist-sized stones or plastic parts with sand . They give you more momentum. Optimal take-off is made possible by jumping off the balls of the feet. During the standing long jump, your buttocks / hips and thighs / knees are loaded. Jumping exercises (such as jumping rope ) and knee bends are ideal for practicing , but also walking up stairs.
History and Olympics
Even at the ancient Olympic Games there was standing long jump with weights. This was part of the Pentathlon . The weights were called halteres . Widths of around 15 meters have been handed down. There were probably five jumps in a row.
In the Olympic Games of the modern era of standing long jump was in Paris in 1900 introduced. At that time the American Ray Ewry won with 3.21 m ahead of his compatriot Irving Baxter with 3.135 m. At the Olympic Games in 1904 Ewry set a world record with 3.47 m. Ewry also won the standing long jump competitions at the 1906 Athens Intermediate Games and the 1908 London Olympics. Kostas Tsiklitiras (3.37 m) won the last Olympic standing long jump in Stockholm in 1912 .
Raymond Ewry's Olympic record from 1904 is unbroken to this day, as the standing long jump has not been held (professionally) since 1938. Ewry set another world record long jump: backwards with 2.87 m. The US football player Byron Jones jumped the world record of 3.73 m at the NFL Combine on February 23, 2015. He improved the almost 50-year-old record of the Norwegian Arne Tvervaag from the Ringerike FIK sports club. This jumped 3.71 m on November 11, 1968 in Noresund.
Olympic Games medalist
|year||gold medal||Silver medal||Bronze medal|
|1900||Ray Ewry ( USA )||Irving Baxter (USA)||Émile Torcheboeuf ( FRA )|
|1904||Ray Ewry (USA)||Charles King (USA)||John Biller (USA)|
|1906||Ray Ewry (USA)||Martin Sheridan (USA)||Lawson Robertson (USA)|
|1908||Ray Ewry (USA)||Kostas Tsiklitiras ( GRE )||Martin Sheridan (USA)|
|1912||Kostas Tsiklitiras (GRE)||Platt Adams (USA)||Ben Adams (USA)|
Stand long jump today
The stand long jump is now only operated by LSW Spezialsport Deutschland, an alternative to the DLV . German championships are also held there. Otherwise there will only be the stand long jump at youth games or other unofficial events. For training as a police officer, there is a sports test, the so-called physical fitness test , in which a woman has to reach at least 1.57 m as a woman and at least 1.95 m as a man for the standing long jump. The stand long jump is a discipline in the Retrolympics, an event organized by the Association for the Promotion of Former Olympic Sports eV in Birkenwerder , where athletic competitions are held in the former Olympic sports. Until December 31, 2012, the German Sports Badge was able to replace the high or long jump with a standing long jump in the age groups for men from 50 years and women from 45 years. Since January 1, 2013, standing long jump has been available for all age groups as an alternative discipline to ball and stone poking in the force group . With the all- around badge, the standing long jump from age group M40 / W40 can be completed as a replacement for the long jump. The distance is doubled and the point value is taken from the long jump table.
The Swiss Armed Forces fitness test, which every person obligated to take part in a position (usually at the age of 19), is also tested for standing long jump. On average, the male officers in 2015 reached 2.29 m (jump on hall floor and landing on mat).
Other well-known long jumpers
- Archived copy ( memento of the original dated August 30, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from May 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Army FTA fitness test for recruitment. Retrieved April 17, 2018 .
- Fitness test for recruiting 2015 results. Accessed April 17, 2018 .