Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin

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Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin (contemporary)
Coat of arms of Diego de San Francisco (1546)

Don Diego de San Francisco Tehuetzquititzin († 1554 ) was governor and Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan .

Tehuetzquititzin ( Nahuatl ; German : der Lachende ) was the son of Texcatl Popoca and grandson of Tízoc and a member of the old ruling family of Tenochtitlan founded by Acamapichtli († 1391) . His mother was a noblewoman from Tzaucyocan. He was later given the baptismal name Diego de San Francisco .

He was used as a tlatoani when he commanded indigenous auxiliaries of the Spaniards in the Mixtón War .

For his military services in the Mixtón War, Diego de San Francisco was awarded a personal coat of arms by Emperor Charles V on December 23, 1546, which takes up the symbols of the Tenochca and anticipates those of the later Mexican national coat of arms .

As is usual in Spanish heraldry , the shield is surrounded by a border that is blue and covered with eight seven- pointed silver stars . Split within the shelf of silver and gold: in front, taking up the founding myth of Tenochtitlan , a prickly pear on a stone in the middle of a lake; behind a black eagle ; The royal name Felipe in black capital letters extends over both fields at the main shield . The eagle growing on the helmet with blue-gold covers and gold bulge .

After his return he was entrusted with civil administrative tasks in Techochtitlan, but had few actual powers. He represented the interests of the indigenous population against the Spanish city council and, conversely, often had to enforce unpopular measures by the colonial rulers against the Mexica . Nevertheless, his "reign" is considered successful and also the longest of all colonial Tlatoani.


Of his eleven children, at least two sons came from his marriage to his cousin Doña Maria , daughter of his uncle Huehue Mauhcaxochitl:

  • Alonso Tezcatl Popocatzin († young)
  • Pablo Mauhcaxochitzin († young)

Other children were:

  • Miguel Ixcuinantzin († young), from a relationship with a noblewoman from Ocuillan
  • Pedro Xiconocatzin, conceived with a noblewoman from Xolloco
    • Maria ∞ NN , a Mexika
      • Bartholomé, clergyman
      • Agustín, clergyman
      • Maria
  • José Xaxaqualiuhtocatzin
    • Francisca, ∞ Marcos Ihuiçalloqui, a trader from Tlatelolco
  • Baltasar Ilhuicaxochitzin († young)
  • Juana, ∞ Baltasar Toquezquauhyotzin, Lord of Culhuacan
  • María Tlacoyehuatzin, ∞ Diego Quauhpotonqui, Lord of Ecatepec
  • María Francisca, ∞ Gabriel Xiuhpiltzintli, a resident of Xolloco
    • Maria Miyahuaxochtzin
    • Diego de San Francisco
  • María, ∞ Jacobo
    • Juan
    • Miguel Tlilpotonqui
  • Cecilia, ∞ Cristobal, son of the above Diego Quauhpotonqui, Lord of Ecatepec
    • Maria, first documented in 1616 in Ecatepec


Individual evidence

  1. Codex Chimalpahin , Volume 2, 1997, pp. 115-117
predecessor Office successor
Diego de Alvarado Huanitzin Tlatoani of Mexica
Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecetzin