Dieter Teich

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Dieter Teich (born April 24, 1934 in Leipzig ; † June 17, 1953 there ) was a victim of the GDR dictatorship during the uprising of June 17, 1953 .


The son of a locomotive driver attended elementary and middle school in Wiederitzsch and learned the profession of a foundry worker. The Free German Youth (FDJ), he did not join. From November 1952 to the end of May 1953 he worked as an earthworker for the Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe (LVB) and on June 1, 1953, he switched to VEB Mitteldeutscher Feuerungsbau in Holzhausen .

On June 17, 1953, Dieter Teich joined his striking colleagues with whom he moved to downtown Leipzig. Since noon, demonstrators in front of the State Security Pretrial Detention Center on Beethovenstrasse have been demanding the release of the prisoners. After the demonstrators' request to allow a delegation to enter the building was not met, the angry crowd began to storm the building complex. Soviet trucks drove up around 2 p.m., soldiers fired warning shots, but then withdrew. Encouraged by this, the demonstrators continued to storm the detention center. People's police and Stasi officers fired on orders from Paul Fröhlich at around 3 p.m. into the crowd and injured some demonstrators. Dieter Teich was fatally hit. He was the first to die in the popular uprising in Leipzig, even before martial law was imposed .

The demonstrators put the dead man on a stretcher and carried him solemnly across the ring to the main train station. The porters changed several times and previously uninvolved passers-by joined the funeral procession. The 19-year-old's body was showered with flowers. The news of the uprising's first death spread like wildfire. Calls such as “workers murder” or inscriptions “ People's police are shooting at German workers” accused the guilty. The police operations management interpreted the events in their own way and sent a peak message to Berlin at midnight, which said: "On the way to the main train station, flowers were thrown at the dead with provocative shouts against the People's Police." the body was confiscated under threat of force of arms. Several bearers of the stretcher were arrested.

Initially, Dieter Teich was considered an "unknown dead". A doctor issued a death certificate at the main train station, in which a "shot through the chest (heart shot)" was established as the cause of death and six witnesses were named. A funeral home took the body and took it to forensic medicine for identification. Dieter Teich was cremated together with the other dead of the popular uprising on June 20, 1953 between 2.15 am and 7.30 am in Leipzig's southern cemetery ; his relatives were neither informed nor asked for permission. It was not until July 15, 1953, four days after the abolition of martial law in Leipzig, that the public prosecutor released the urn for burial. However, the criminal police took their time until August 4, 1953. Dieter Teich was not buried until August 17, 1953 in the Leipzig North Cemetery.

The funeral service was monitored by the criminal police. The Teich family was visited several times by employees of the state security and given the strictest silence about the death of their relatives and their circumstances. As a result of the spectacular procession through Leipzig city center, the SED was unable to hide Dieter Teich's death. On the first page of the Leipziger Volkszeitung of June 19, 1953, it said: “When all means failed and the fascist gangs tried to wrest the weapons from our people's police, our people's police had to defend themselves and an attacker fell victim to the cynical crimes of agents and provocateurs. "

Since 1994 Dieter Teich's name has also been noted on a memorial stone in the grave and memorial complex for the victims of the Stalinist tyranny in the urn garden in the north of Leipzig's southern cemetery. On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the popular uprising, the city council of Leipzig decided to rename the street where Dieter Teich died as Straße des 17. Juni 1953 . The Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe honored their former employees by naming a light rail vehicle after Dieter Teich.


  • Ilko-Sascha Kowalczuk: June 17, 1953. Verlag CH Beck oHG, Munich 2013, p. 68, ISBN 978-3-406-64539-6 .
  • Ulrich Mählert (editor): June 17, 1953. An uprising for unity, law and freedom. Verlag JHW Dietz Nachf. GmbH, Bonn 2003, ISBN 3-8012-4133-5 .
  • Heidi Roth: June 17, 1953 in Saxony. Editor: Hannah Arendt Institute for Research on Totalitarianism e. V. at the Technical University of Dresden. Special edition for the Saxon State Center for Political Education.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Lothar Scheithauer, then an assistant at the German Institute of the Karl Marx University in Leipzig, recalled: “The train stopped in front of the Hanisch flower shop, and the sellers of this large flower shop fetched flowers over flowers from the shop and covered the corpse with them. That was a shocking and moving picture ”(Lothar Scheithauer, in: Regine Möbius, Panzer gegen die Freiheit. Contemporary witnesses of June 17, 1953 report , Leipzig 2003, p. 57).
  2. top reporting of operational control of BDVP Leipzig to the Operationally HVDVP-Bar Berlin, o D... SächsStAL, BDVP, 24/42, Bl 344, cit. based on: Roth, June 17, 1953 in Saxony , p. 120.
  3. Roth, June 17, 1953 in Saxony , pp. 119 ff.
  4. memorandum of BVFS Leipzig, in: BStU, Branch. Leipzig, line 00240, Vol. 2, Bl. 39; Death certificate from June 17, 1953, in: SächsStAL, BDVP, 24/42, p. 341; Top report of the BDVP Leipzig from June 17, 1953, in: SächsStAL, BDVP, 24/42, Bl. 344.
  5. memorandum of BDVP Leipzig on 20 June 1953 in. SächsStAL, BDVP 24/42, Bl 367. In Kremationsbuch the Leipzig crematorium and the cemetary is the cremation at 7.30am noted. However, it was only recorded on August 10, 1953 under the cremation number 138897.
  6. Memorandum of the BDVP Leipzig from July 15, 1953, in: SächsStAL, BDVP 24/42, p. 368.
  7. The grave site on the Leipzig North Cemetery in Section II, 1st Group, Row H, Grave 9, was cleared of the urns in it when it was returned to the City of Leipzig, according to the Leipzig Green Space Office.
  8. The police officer in charge of monitoring the funeral reports: “10 people present, no incidents.” Memorandum of the BDVP Leipzig “Release of the urns for burial” of August 22, 1953, BDVP 24/42, p. 371.
  9. Press release from Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH, June 17, 2003.
  10. ^ The events in Leipzig , in: Leipziger Volkszeitung , June 19, 1953, p. 1.
  11. ^ Letter from the Leipzig Green Spaces Department , cemeteries department to the Leipzig Citizens Committee. V. of February 2, 2004, as well as verbal information. See also: Annette Kaminsky (editor), Places of Remembrance. Memorial signs, memorials and museums on the dictatorship in the Soviet occupation zone and GDR , Leipzig 2004, p. 323/324
  12. See the press release from Leipziger Verkehrsbetriebe GmbH Stadtbahnwagen received the name of the first Leipzig victim of the popular uprising , June 20, 2003.