A documentation language is a formal language for use within information and documentation systems , ie for indexing , storing and retrieving content by assigning individual descriptors from the documentation language to a document .
There are two types of documentation languages:
- Natural language based: The descriptors consist of a natural language, such as B. in a thesaurus or another subject system .
- Not based on natural language: The descriptors do not consist of a natural language, but the description of the content is done with natural language elements, such as B. in a classification .
Documentation languages are characterized by the fact that they are controlled vocabulary or that the terms can be clearly identified using notations . In this way, in contrast to natural language, terms and designations are clearly related to one another so that homonyms , polysemes and synonyms no longer occur. In addition, a documentation language can contain rules and syntax for pre-combination .
- Eberhardt Gering: Documentation Languages - A Knowledge Store . Potsdam 1992