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The Somali fashion designer Muna Khalif with a modern jilbab.

Jilbab (plural: Jalābīb , Arabic جلباب Jilbāb , DMG Ǧilbāb ) is aword usedin the Koran for a piece of clothing that women should wear. Today it is no longer possible to determine with certainty what wasunderstood by jilbab inthe time of Muhammad , the author of the Koran. The term originally only refers to a sewn garment that covers the body, not a mere cloth - this is contradicted by today's use for abaya or chador . Koranic reference text is v. a.

"Prophet! Tell your wives and daughters and the wives of believers to pull some of their robes off (over their heads) when they leave. This is the best way to guarantee that they (as respectable women) will be recognized and not be harassed. But God is merciful and ready to forgive. "

- Sura 33 , verse 59 : Translation: Rudi Paret

The plural of Ǧilbāb stands for “garment” in Arabic. The verb form transferred by Paret with “pull down” can u. a. can also be translated as “bring closer”, so that a meaning such as “draw the robes close to the body” could result. In early legal literature, the resulting norm is specified in different ways, for example by ibn ʿAbbās according to the report by Maḥmūd Ālūsī also related to a covering of the face.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. See e.g. B. Khaled Abou El Fadl: The search for beauty in Islam , University of America Press, Lanham 2006, p. 295f.
  2. See e.g. B. Khaled Abou El Fadl: The search for beauty in Islam , University of America Press, Lanham 2006, p. 295f.
  3. Rūh al-Maānī fī tafsīr al-Qur'ān al-Aẓīm, Vol. 22, 88; Aftab Hussain: Status of Women in Islam , Lahore 1987, p. 167ff.


  • Ghazala Anwar / Liz McKay: Veiling , in: Richard C. Martin (ed.): Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World , Macmillan, New York 2004, Vol. 2, pp. 721f.
  • F. El-Guindi: Veil . Modesty, Privacy and Resistance. Oxford International Publishers Ltd., Oxford 1999.
  • Peter Heine: Veil , in: Adel Theodor Khoury / Ludwig Hagemann / Peter Heine: Islam-Lexikon . History - Ideas - Gestalten, Vol. 3, Herder, Freiburg 1991, pp. 665-669.
  • F. Mernissi: The Veil and the Male Elite . A Feminist Interpretation of Women's Rights in Islam, Addison-Wesley Publishing, Reading, Massachusetts 1991.
  • Mona Siddiqui: Veil , in: Jane Dammen McAuliffe (ed.): Encyclopedia of the Quran , Vol. 5, Brill, Leiden u. a. 2001, pp. 412-416.