Encyclopaedia Judaica

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The Encyclopaedia Judaica is an encyclopedia on the history and culture of Judaism in German and English.

German-language "Encyclopaedia Judaica" (1928–1934)

The first Encyclopaedia Judaica was published in Berlin in 1928 by Nahum Goldmann's Eschkol publishing house . The editors were Jakob Klatzkin and Ismar Elbogen . Their publication had to be stopped after 10 of 15 German-language (A – Lyra) volumes as a result of the transfer of power to the National Socialists . 40,000 copies that had already been printed were destroyed in Leipzig in 1933. Two Hebrew volumes (A – Antipas) were published under the name Eshkol (אשכול).

English-language "Encyclopaedia Judaica" (1971–1972)

In 1971/1972 an English-language Encyclopaedia Judaica was published in sixteen volumes in Jerusalem by the publishing house Keter and in New York by Macmillan. From 1973 to 1991, eight “year books” (1973, 1974, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1983–85, 1986–87, 1988–89, and 1990–91) and two “Decennial” volumes (1973–191) were published. 82; 1983-92).

English-language "Encyclopaedia Judaica" 2nd edition (2007)

In 2007 an expanded second edition was published in 22 volumes.


  • Jakob Klatzkin, Ismar Elbogen (ed.): Encyclopaedia Judaica. Judaism in the past and present. 10 volumes, Eschkol Publication Society, Berlin 1928–1934.
  • Encyclopaedia Judaica. 16 volumes, Keter, Jerusalem / Macmillan, New York 1971–1972.
  • Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2nd edition. 22 volumes, Thomson Gale, Detroit 2007.
CD-Rom editions
  • Encyclopaedia Judaica. CD-ROM edition; the most comprehensive authoritative source on the Jewish world. Version 1.0. Judaica Multimedia, Jerusalem 1997, ISBN 965-07-0665-8 .
  • Encyclopaedia Judaica. The most comprehensive authoritative source on the Jewish world; includes 26 printed volumes, updated text plus new feature articles, powerful search capabilities, interactive timeline, full multimedia program, all on one CD! Judaica Multimedia, Jerusalem 200 (= VVB Laufersweiler Verlag, Giessen 2004, ISBN 3-89687-236-2 ).


  • Nahum Goldmann: statesman without a state. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 1970, p. 116 f. (History and financing).
  • David B. Levy: The making of the Encyclopaedia Judaica and the Jewish Encyclopedia. In: Proceedings of the 37th Annual Convention of the Association of Jewish Libraries, Denver. 2002 ( digitized version ).
  • Arndt Engelhardt: The Encyclopaedia Judaica. Negotiation of interpretative sovereignty and collective affiliation in Jewish encyclopedias from the interwar period. In: Paul Michel, Madeleine Herren, Martin Rüesch (Ed.): General knowledge and society. Files of the international congress on knowledge transfer and encyclopedic classification systems, September 18-21, 2003 in Prangins. Shaker, Aachen 2007, ISBN 978-3-8322-6355-3 , pp. 225-246 ( digitized version ).
  • Arndt Engelhardt: Arsenals of Jewish knowledge. On the genesis of the Encyclopaedia Judaica. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2014, ISBN 978-3-525-36994-4 .

See also