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Cornucopia at the feet of allegorical female figures ( Hofburg , Vienna )

The cornucopia or Latin cornucopia ( ancient Greek κέρας Ἀμαλθείας keras Amaltheias "horn of Amaltheia", Latin cornu copiae "horn of abundance") is a mythological symbol of happiness . It is filled with flowers and fruits and represents fertility , bounty, abundance and abundance.


The cornucopia is a funnel-shaped or bag-shaped wicker basket that is likely to have been used primarily for grape harvest. In Greek mythology , the cornucopia first belonged to the mythical goat Amaltheia , who raised Zeus with it , but is then also used by the earth gods Gaia , Eirene of peace , Tyche ( Fortuna ) and the wealth of Pluto . Of the Old Testament figures, it is above all the prophet Joel who is shown with a cornucopia.

Horns of plenty in the clutches of eagles. Oil on canvas . By Jan Davidsz. de Heem (The portrait in the middle is probably by Jan Vermeer van Utrecht)

In the representation of the four seasons , the cornucopia is primarily assigned to the autumn harvest season . The cornucopia can also be associated with spring , as in the representation of the Roman flora , but here in modern representations it gives way to the flower arrangement, as in Giuseppe Arcimboldo's Flora (late 16th century), Rembrandt's Saskia als Flora (1634 ) and also Louis-Marin Bonnet's Tête de Flore (1769) or Countess Kaganek (1782) by Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun . Even Titian's Flora (1515), however, only a few buds holds in his hands.


In numismatics , the cornucopia is the symbol for the French mint Établissement Monétaire du Pessac and from 2007 to 2010 also for the Finnish mint Rahapaja Oy in Vantaa .


Web links

Commons : Cornucopia  - collection of images, videos, and audio files
Wiktionary: Cornucopia  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations