Flexible image transport system
|Flexible image transport system|
|File extension :||
|MIME type :||image / fits application / fits|
|Developed by:||IAU FITS Working Group|
|Current version:||3.0 (as of July 2008)|
|Type:||open file format|
|Container for:||Images, spectra and tables|
The Flexible Image Transport System ( FITS ) is a flexible, open file format for images, spectra and tables that was developed by NASA in 1981 and is mainly used in the field of astronomy . It supports, among other things, multi-dimensional arrays with one and two-dimensional spectra as well as three- and multi-dimensional data cubes . TIFF is a subset of FITS with a similar image format. Unlike TIFF, FITS contains extensive description data in the file header , which means that the images can be interpreted independently of special programs.
FITS is one of the file formats recognized by the International Astronomical Union (IAU); it is used to save images from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the European Southern Observatory (ESO), the XMM-Newton X-ray observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Spitzer Space Telescope (SST) from NASA.
Many common image viewing programs open images in FITS format, but only reproduce the header information to a limited extent.
- ESA / ESO / NASA Photoshop FITS Liberator , a plug-in for Adobe Photoshop and Adobe Photoshop Elements (Windows and Mac OS X) to open FITS files
- NASA / GSFC: The FITS Support Office
- MIME Sub-type Registrations for Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) , rfc4047.txt
- IAU FITS Working Group . NASA .
- Vatican Library: Avant-garde digitization . In: Vatican Radio, July 10, 2012.
- Richard Meusers: The Vatican makes its parchment permanent . In: Der Spiegel , No. 18, from May 7, 2010 (last accessed May 7, 2010).
- for example: XnView