Inflection (medicine)

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Flexion and extension of various joints

The flexion (from Latin flectere ' to bend' , ' to bend', 'to twist') is the flexion of a joint . The opposite movement is called extension .

In the wrist , flexion (movement towards the palm ) is usually referred to as palmar flexion , and in the ankle joint (movement towards the sole of the foot) as plantar flexion . The term inclination or ventral flexion is usually used for the spine .

Excessive flexion is called hyperflexion .

A skeletal muscle that flexes a joint is called a flexor or flexor . In some anatomical muscle names, especially muscles of the forearm and lower leg , the term occurs explicitly as a second part of the name , e.g. B. Flexor hallucis longus muscle ('long flexor of the big toe').

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Wiktionary: Inflection  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations