In freestyle swimming , the swimmer can freely choose his swimming technique and change during a course. He is also hardly restricted in the execution of his swimming style . The competition rules of the Fédération Internationale de Natation (FINA) only state that a part of the swimmer's body must break through the water surface during the entire competition. The swimmer is allowed to be completely submerged during the turn, after each turn and for a distance of 15 meters after the start. At this point at the latest, however, the head must have pierced the water. The swimmer must touch the pool wall with any part of the body when turning and when striking the target.
The term "freestyle" is a literal translation of English freestyle (= "free style"). In this original sense it means that everyone can move as they wish and thus let their creativity and improvisational talent run free. This understanding can also be found in other sports, such as B. freestyle snowboarding or freestyle frisbee or in other fields of activity, such as freestyle rap or free jazz .
Since the crawl swimming is the fastest type of swimming, the crawl technique is practically always preferred in freestyle swimming. There is no clear definition of freestyle in the competition rules of the German Swimming Association , it only states that "every other type of swimming except breast , butterfly or backstroke swimming may be swum" in multi-layer swimming and in relay teams.
In a freestyle relay, several swimmers (usually four) compete in a row. In international competitions on the long course (50 m), 4 × 100 m and 4 × 200 m freestyle relays are swum, in short course competitions also the 4 × 50 m relay.
- ↑ German Swimming Association, Swimming Competition Regulations, as of March 14, 2015, Section 126, Paragraph 1
- Competition regulations swimming (PDF; 422 kB) of the German Swimming Association (DSV) in the version of January 17, 2012