Friedrich XII. (Hohenzollern)

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Friedrich XII. , called the Oettinger (* before 1401; † 1443 ), belonged to the Swabian line of the Hohenzollern . His father was Friedrich XI. , Count of Hohenzollern , his brother and competitor was Eitel Friedrich I.


The capture of Oettinger in a propaganda representation of Württemberg from the 19th century.

Friedrich saw himself confronted with the situation that the Swabian Hohenzollern had already lost a lot of importance due to the separation of the line, territorial division and the sale of real estate. The division of 1402, in particular, exacerbated this problem.

The inheritance was divided between the Oettinger and his brother Eitel Friedrich I. The ancestral castle of the Hohenzollern, Hohenzollern Castle , the city of Hechingen and a mill remained in common ownership. The brothers lived in constant inheritance disputes. Friedrich's economic situation was tense. Sales of areas to the Counts of Württemberg could not restore the financial equilibrium. The House of Württemberg was the greatest competitor for power, and Zollern's independence had to be preserved.

The confrontation with Eitel Frederick I at the Zoller Castle escalated, as Friedrich imperial city of Rottweil with feud plated. In 1422 the cities of the Swabian League of Cities allied with Eitel Friedrich I and the Counts of Württemberg. Friedrich had to surrender in 1423 after a ten-month siege of Zollernburg by his opponents. King Sigismund had the castle destroyed as a punishment and forbade it to be rebuilt.

About the Oettinger was in 1418 by the imperial Hofgericht to Rottweil , the eight- imposed, after which he fled. In 1426 Eitel Friedrich I reconciled with Friedrich, but he was held captive by Countess Henriette von Mömpelgard from 1428/29 to 1440 . After Eitel Friedrich I died in 1439, Oettinger came back to the government before he died childless on a trip to Palestine in 1443 .

Friedrich's widow Anna, née von Sulz , had to turn to the Count of Württemberg after her husband's death for financial reasons. Württemberg owned most of the former Hohenzollern possessions. The family's financial situation at the time was extremely poor.

See also


  • EG Johler: History, geography and local history of the sovereign German principalities of Hohenzollern, Hechingen and Sigmaringen. Stettin'sche Buchhandlung. Ulm 1824, e-book
  • Wolfgang Neugebauer : The Hohenzollern. Beginnings, state state and monarchical autocracy until 1740 (volume 1), Stuttgart, Berlin, Cologne 1996.
  • Gustav Schilling: History of the House of Hohenzollern in genealogically continuous biographies of all its rulers from the oldest to the most recent times, according to documents and other authentic sources. Fleischer, Leipzig 1843, e-book

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