Fritz Wiegers

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Fritz Harry Wilhelm Wiegers (born February 9, 1875 in Lüneburg , † July 21, 1955 in Göttingen ) was a German geologist and archaeologist.

Wiegers studied geology from 1893 in Göttingen and from 1897 in Halle, where he received his doctorate in 1899. During this time he was an assistant at the Geological Institute in Karlsruhe from 1897 to 1901. From 1901 to 1939 he was with the Prussian Geological State Institute , where he continued mapping the area around Magdeburg, which Felix Wahnschaffe and Konrad Keilhack had started. From 1944 to 1946 he was professor of prehistory in Göttingen.

His geological mapping in the area around Magdeburg provides important information about the course of the last ice age in northern and central Germany. They also led Wiegers to occupy himself with archeology and he advocated a simultaneous archaeological recording within the scope of geological mapping. This was later taken up by the State Office for Geology in Saxony-Anhalt (simultaneous mapping in the Arendsee (Altmark) area in 2000).

In 1910 he initiated the founding of the Haldensleben local history museum , where Wiegers worked together with the members of the Aller Association, particularly with the high school teacher Hans Wieprecht (1882–1966).


  • Geological hiking book for the area around Berlin, Enke 1922
  • Geological hiking book for the administrative district Magdeburg, Enke 1924
  • Diluvial prehistory as geological science, treatises of the Prussian Geological State Institute; NF, H. 84, 1920
  • Diluvial prehistory of man. Volume 1: General Diluvial Prehistory, Enke 1928
  • Diluvial river gravel from the Neuhaldensleben area, yearbook of the Prussian-Geological State Institute 26, 1905, 58–88
  • Paleolithic in Upper Silesia, Ratibor 1931
  • The skull find from Weimar-Ehringsdorf, 1928
  • On the structure and age of the Magdeburg Diluvium and the number of ice ages in Northern Germany, yearbook of the Prussian Geological State Institute 50, 1929, 29–124
  • The age of the Diluvium in the area between Oschersleben-Bode and Staßfurt, yearbook of the Prussian-Geological State Institute 52, 1932
  • The geological age of the artefacts leading to Hundisburger gravel, prehistoric magazine 28/29, 1939
  • The interglacial gravel from Hundisburg, prehistoric magazine 30/31, 1940
  • Editor with F. Bork: Herman Wirth and German Science, Munich: Lehmann 1932
  • with Franz Weidenreich, Erich Schuster: The skull find from Weimar-Ehringsdorf, Weimar: State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology 1928, 2013 (in it by Wiegers: Geologie der Kalktuffe von Weimar)

The geological maps 1: 25000 of Dolle, Colbitz, Wolmirstedt, Erxleben, Oschersleben come from him and he worked on those of Magdeburg, Biederitz and Groß-Ottersleben.


  • Christian Pescheck (Ed.): Ceremony for Prof. Dr. Fritz Wiegers on his 75th birthday, 1950.
  • Obituary in Quartär, 8, 1956, p. 243

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