Early knife

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As Frühmesser or early measurement Mr. ( Latin Primissarius ) was a Catholic priest referred to the owner as one of Foundation income funded sinecures (a benefice ) for regular celebration of the Holy Mass was committed in the early morning before starting work the population. The name is no longer common today.

In some places a separate house for the early knife belonged to the benefice, the early mess house , see z. B. the Frühmesshaus Bartholomäberg .

The term early knife is not to be confused with the Mes (s) ner or Mes (s) mer , the term for a sexton in southern Germany and in Austria.

A correspondence of the spring blade in the Protestant area is the early minister , the early sermon or early teaching stops at the early service. This designation is no longer common today in its original meaning. In places, early preacher continues to exist as a traditional official title within a parish, for example at the collegiate church in Tübingen .

See also


  • Rosi Fuhrmann: Church and Village. Religious needs and ecclesiastical foundation in the countryside before the Reformation. G. Fischer, Stuttgart / Jena / New York 1995, ISBN 3-437-50366-9 .
  • Early knife . In: Prussian Academy of Sciences (Hrsg.): German legal dictionary . tape 3 , issue 7 (edited by Eberhard von Künßberg ). Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar ( adw.uni-heidelberg.de - publication date between 1935 and 1938).

Individual evidence

  1. Adelung: Grammatical-Critical Dictionary of High German Dialect. Volume 2. Leipzig 1796, p. 332.
  2. Johann Thomas Wiser: The early preacher or easy-to-understand early teaching on all Sundays and public holidays throughout the year. 2 vols. Munich 1862.
  3. Birgit Weyel : The sermon as a work of art - practical theology in the tradition of Schleiermacher. On the death of Professor Dr. Volker Drehsen , accessed on August 22, 2019.