Garmissen is the name of a Lower Saxon nobility family from the Hildesheim monastery with the Garmissen parent company of the same name, northeast of Hildesheim .
The family appeared as ministerials to the Counts of Dassel as early as the High Middle Ages and is first mentioned in a document on July 17, 1230 with the brothers Thegenhard and Johann von Germardissen . The uninterrupted line of the family begins with the aforementioned Johann.
In Dassel she owned a former count's court. When it burned down in 1664, it made Friedrichshausen their ancestral home, which has been family-owned since the first half of the 13th century. However, the knight's seat there was destroyed in the Hildesheim collegiate feud of 1525. Today's classicist half-timbered mansion on a stone base was built in 1835–47.
The family also had fiefdoms in the area of the Hildesheim monastery , including Peine . In the 17th and 18th centuries there were two lines of the family, one on Garmissen and one on Friedrichshausen, whose respective property had previously been drawn among the sons of the family. In 1759 both branches came together again through marriage. The Garmissen manor remained in the family's possession until 1814, but could not be held during the Napoleonic turmoil.
coat of arms
The coat of arms shows five red diamonds lined up diagonally to the right in silver . On the helmet with red-silver covers three (silver, red, silver) ostrich feathers.
This coat of arms was taken up by Garmissen-Garbolzum as the local coat of arms, because a line was wealthy there.
There is a kinship with the von Alten noble family, who also come from the Hildesheim monastery .
- ^ State Archives Hanover, Derneburg No. 5; near Hoogeweg, deed book of the Hochstift Hildesheim, Bd. II, Nr278
- ^ HL Harland: Geschichte der Stadt Einbeck, Vol. 1, 1857, p. 291
- ^ Historical Commission for Lower Saxony: Lower Saxony Yearbook for State History, Volumes 35–36, 1963, p. 158
- ^ Walter Deeters: Sources on the history of the Hildesheim regional history of the 14th and 15th centuries (publications of the Lower Saxony archive administration 20), Göttingen 1964, pp. 34, 51, 57, 86
- ^ Friedrich Wilhelm Boldewin Ferdinand von dem Knesebeck: Historical paperback of the nobility in the Kingdom of Hanover, 1840, p. 133
- ^ Christian Friedrich August von Meding : Nachrichten von noble Wapen , Volume 2, 1788, p. 188
- Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume IV, Volume 67 of the complete series, p. 37, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 1978, ISSN 0435-2408