Generative propagation

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As generative propagation or generative reproduction , the generation of descendants, on the basis of sexual reproduction understood. By combining the genes of different individuals, new genetically different individuals are created. Mendel's rules apply to the offspring , according to which each characteristic is present in two copies (“alleles”), one of which comes from each parent. The term is used in plant cultivation and animal breeding .

In plants, the result of generative reproduction is the seed ; in the case of commercial production, also called seeds or seeds in agricultural language . In animal breeding one speaks of offspring.

In contrast to generative reproduction, there is cloning or vegetative reproduction , in the case of the offspring by splitting off cells of an organism without prior fusion of sex cells ( gametes ). Here, offspring represent genetically identical individuals.

In horticultural practice, the term generative propagation is used synonymously with "sowing". Seeds are also sown that have arisen without a combination of the genetic characteristics of two individuals (self-fertilization) and those that arise without sexual reproduction ( virgin generation ).

See also: ancestry , Federal Association of German Plant Breeders , EUCARPIA , genetic engineering , plant breeding , animal husbandry , Züchtungskunde

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