from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Gutsherrschaft is the name of a feudal form of government , which since the Middle Ages with the colonization of the east in the eastern parts of the Holy Roman Empire developed. It went back to the manorial system. Since the 16th century the type of the East Elbian Junker emerged from this . A property incorporated into the knighthood and thus eligible for state assembly is called a manor .

Form of rule

The aristocratic landowner not only had extensive property of 100 or more hectares ( manor district ), on which mainly grain was grown and often also handicraft production was exercised with a local monopoly ( brewing rights , mill compulsory , brick and lime-burning monopolies ), but also had inheritance subservience as well transferred criminal and police power ( patrimonial jurisdiction ) in the agrarian society holds a dominant position as mediator of sovereign power.

It was not until the beginning of the 20th century that this functionality gradually ceased and was legally abolished in Germany and Austria in the 1920s. The German manor districts were finally dissolved from the end of the 1920s. Modern manor districts that are free of parishes have continued to exist in Hesse to the present day.


Landlady in East Prussia (1916)

The phrase "do something the lord's way" means to act as you see fit. The expression refers to the position of the landlords in the 19th century, who - even after the liberation of the peasants - had, due to the Prussian general land law, not only economic but also police and judicial control over their subordinates. The landlord was allowed to decide at his own discretion , which often took on the character of arbitrariness and arrogance.

In the German-speaking world, the formulation is mainly used in political journalism , but it is controversial in terms of both style and content.

See also


  • Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen: Ostelbische Gutsherrschaft and northwest German freedom in one country - the goods of the Duchy of Schleswig 1524 to 1770. In: Journal for Agricultural History and Agricultural Sociology , Vol. 52 (2004), pp. 25-40.
  • Eduard Maur: Manor and "second serfdom" in Bohemia . Reviewed by Dirk Schleinert for sehepunkte. Review journal for the historical sciences , issue 2 (2002), no.3.
  • Klaus-Joachim Lorenzen-Schmidt: Manor over rich farmers. Overview of rural resistance in the marshland on the west coast of Schleswig-Holstein and Jutland . In: Historical magazine , supplements Vol. 18: Gutsherrschaft als social model. Comparative considerations on the functioning of early modern agricultural societies (1995), pp. 261–278.
  • Hartmut Harnisch: The manor in Brandenburg. Results and problems . In: Jahrbuch für Wirtschaftsgeschichte , Vol. 10 (1969), pp. 117–147.

Web links

Wiktionary: Gutsherr  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Art. Manor . In: Concise dictionary on German legal history .
  2. Gutsherrschaft Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg , accessed on February 24, 2016.
  3. Hanna Schissler: The farmer - the conditions in East Elbia Prussian agricultural society in the course of change. Göttingen 1978, pp. 94-100.
  4. Peter CA Schels: Gutsherrschaft ( Memento of the original from July 4, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Small encyclopedia of the German Middle Ages. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /