The term Hajak ( Mz. Hajaki) is a derisive or derogatory old Lower Sorbian name for an upper Sorb (Sorbs from Saxony see Sorbian settlement area ). It is based on the Upper Sorbian word haj ("ja"), which is unknown in Lower Sorbian ("ja" = jo ).
Decisive to describe someone as Hajak is primarily the Upper Sorbian mother or second language of "Hajak", but also the bourgeois-urban behavior, which often did not resemble the rural-peasant mentality, was another point about a person as To denote Hajak. Further criteria are u. a. the belief, as many Upper Sorbian native speakers are Catholic.
After the Second World War, the term was mainly used by the Wendish population to denigrate the teachers from Upper Lusatia who worked in Lower Lusatia . The Lower Sorbian-Wendish parents feared u. a. that their children learn the Upper Sorbian written language in school instead of Wendish. They were also afraid of paternalism from the Upper Sorbian cultural city of Bautzen .
Today the term is used very seldom and then only by the older generation, as today's generations rarely use Wendish as a means of communication with one another.
- The Sorbian policy of the GDR 1949-1970, bad luck ISBN 3-7420-1807-8