The Harrow School is one of the most famous English boarding schools for boys. Also known as Harrow, it is one of the most prestigious and expensive schools in England. She goes to John Lyon back to the school in 1572 based on a Royal Charter of I. Elisabeth founded. The school is one of the nine schools named in the Public School Act of 1868. Harrow has today about 800 students and is located in the London district of London Borough of Harrow in north-west of the city.
The school was founded in February 1572. John Lyon, a wealthy local farmer, bequeathed the smaller part of his fortune to her with his death in 1592, the larger part being earmarked for the maintenance of a road to London, then 16 km away. The school commemorates this part of the legacy with a run along the route in November called the 'Long Ducker'. After the death of Lyon's wife in 1608, construction began on the school's first building, which was completed in 1615.
The school does not have a uniform closed school area, but is integrated into the infrastructure of the Harrow Hill area. The school has approximately 160 hectares with playing fields, tennis courts, golf courses, forest and garden land. The school also has its own working farm.
The Old Speech Room Gallery & Museum is located in the Old Speech Room building , where public speaking should be practiced. A public museum has been located here since 1976, showing the school's collection of Egyptian and Greek works of art, English watercolor painting, modern British painting, books and natural history works of art.
Harrow's students will be divided among 12 boarding houses. Each house has its own traditions and competes with the other houses in sports competitions and other activities. Each house is headed by a House Master who is supported by staff called House Tutor in all matters relating to the welfare of the students. Each house has a Matron called housemother.
The students live between three and six trimesters in a double room with a student of the same age and then move into single rooms.
In 2013 the annual school fees amounted to 33,285 ₤, the equivalent of around 40,000 euros.
In Harrow, squash was invented around 1830 based on the older sport of rackets .
The school was one of seven schools that met in 1863, the Cambridge Rules mentioned football rules specify. The Cambridge Rules were one of the bases on which the Football Association made its rules.
Since 1805, a cricket match between Harrow and Eton College has been held annually at Lord's Cricket Ground . The encounter is considered to be the oldest match played in Lord's and the oldest regular cricket encounter that is still played.
Songs play an important role in everyday school life, as they are part of all important ceremonies and are also intended to strengthen the cohesion of the students. The school song Forty Years on from 1872 is famous :
- Forty years on, when afar and asunder
- Parted are those who are singing today,
- When you look back, and forgetfully wonder
- What you were like in your work and your play,
- Then, it may be, there will often come o'er you,
- Glimpses of notes like the catch of a song -
- Visions of boyhood shall float them before you,
- Echoes of dreamland shall bear them along.
The text was written by Edward Ernest Bowen , a progressive headmaster for his time, and the melody was composed by music teacher John Farmer .
The school has a large number of famous graduates including British Prime Minister Churchill and Indian Prime Minister Nehru (see Old Harrovians ).
- Bamber Gascoigne: Encyclopedia of Britain . BCA, London, New York, Sydney, Toronto 1993, ISBN 0-333-54764-0 , p. 291.
- Christopher Tyerman: A History of Harrow School. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2000. ISBN 0-19-822796-5 .
- Harrow School official website (English)
- ↑ Information on the school's website ( memento of the original from September 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed June 1, 2014
Coordinates: 51 ° 34 ′ 23.2 ″ N , 0 ° 20 ′ 1.7 ″ W.